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Why You Think the Way You Do: The Story of Western Worldviews from Rome to HomebyGlenn S. Sunshine 270 ratings, 3.86 average rating, 48 reviews


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“God produced all things and is interested in all things. All truth, then, is God’s reality, and also all locations of discovering and all ethical tasks are legitimate areas of organization to him and also are part of what goes into building his kingdom. We should build a kingdom perspective on our work-related in eincredibly sector of the economic climate, whether production, company sectors, business, finance, education, health care, arts, or media. On a social level, we should carry out coherent work for others and seek to eliminate drudgery as much as possible, and so to affirm the dignity of the world around us. We additionally have the right to enjoy the fruits of our labor. Government has its legitimate functions and can collect taxes for those purposes, yet we have to be allowed to store the mass of what we earn.” ― Glenn S. Sunshine, Why You Think the Way You Do: The Story of Western Worldviews from Rome to Home
“Not just are people produced in the photo of God, however all world are spiritually equal before God. More than anything else, this concept separated Judaism, which was a nationwide or ethnic religion, from Christianity. Jews and Gentiles, men and also woguys, slaves and also complimentary, Romans and also barbarians, all were welcome in the church as amounts to.” ― Glenn S. Sunshine, Why You Think the Way You Do: The Story of Western Worldviews from Rome to Home
“It would certainly be difficult sufficient to win the Realm to Christianity without Christians saying among themselves around what they were expected to think.” ― Glenn S. Sunshine, Why You Think the Way You Do: The Story of Western Worldviews from Rome to Home
“The shift from being a persecuted minority faith to being the favored faith of the emperor inevitably forged ties in between church and also state that have actually been a driving force in Western political life ever before because.” ― Glenn S. Sunshine, Why You Think the Way You Do: The Story of Western Worldviews from Rome to Home
“With the legalization of Christianity, the possibility to be martyred disshowed up. As an outcome, world who wanted to prove their faith turned to “white martyrdom” — the living of a strict, ascetic life — as the most viable alternative to actual martyrdom.” ― Glenn S. Sunshine, Why You Think the Way You Do: The Story of Western Worldviews from Rome to Home
“Christianity is a faith established more on ideas than on methods. Yet the Bible does not straight answer a number of questions that aincrease naturally from its teaching, and also nowright here does it encompass a systematic statement of doctrine or even a list of the essentials of the confidence. As a result, the church historically has actually valued study, logic, and reason as spiritual activities in a way that differs considerably from paganism and even Judaism and also Islam (which are religious beliefs based mainly on exercise, not doctrine).” ― Glenn S. Sunshine, Why You Think the Way You Do: The Story of Western Worldviews from Rome to Home
“Rome did not so much loss as collapse under its own weight. Germanic movements, a corrupt and ineffectual federal government, insecurity within the boundaries, a breakdown of trade, and also an economic climate constructed on slavery when the finish of territorial expansion shut dvery own brand-new resources of slaves — all combined to destabilize Roguy culture. Add to that a chillier and wetter climate that made it more difficult to prosper plants, and also this spelled disaster for at leastern the western, Latin-speaking half of the Empire.” ― Glenn S. Sunshine, Why You Think the Way You Do: The Story of Western Worldviews from Rome to Home
“As the assorted barbarian tribes took over different components of the Empire, they attempted with varying degrees of success to main tain Roguy management, though with their own personnel overseeing it. As they converted to Christianity, they frequently put bishops right into their federal governments too. Unfortunately, Germanic and Roguy values for governing were radically different, and also as an outcome it took centuries before a steady device would certainly emerge, one drawn from blfinishing the Romale and Germanic cultures with Christianity. That device, known as feudalism, was based on personal bonds (an element of German culture) regulated by oaths (aobtain, German) and a legal contract (an aspect of Romale culture). The basic concept was that the appropriate framework for a culture was based on lordship, in which one perboy was owed allegiance and also service from others. This applied not only in the political realm however in the economic as well (wbelow it is referred to as “manorialism”). As in any type of culture, politics and economics were tied together by basic ideas about the “natural” method world must relate to each various other.” ― Glenn S. Sunshine, Why You Think the Way You Do: The Story of Western Worldviews from Rome to Home
“the Irish believed of education and learning as essential for a male of God. Irish abbeys ended up being the major educational centers in Europe during the sixth and also seventh centuries. These centers included the continent’s significant scriptoria (locations wbelow manuscripts were copied) at Luxeuil and also Bobbio in France, and also specifically a major college at York in England also, an additional church founded by Irish missionaries. In truth, in the late 700s, over a century after the rearrival of education and learning to the continent, when Charlemagne made a decision he wanted to overhaul education and learning in his empire, the finest scholar he can discover was Alcuin, a deacon at York. So Charlemagne sent for him, and also Alcuin occurred a device of schools, textual study, and copying that lassist the foundation for the later widespreview renewal of education in Europe.” ― Glenn S. Sunshine, Why You Think the Way You Do: The Story of Western Worldviews from Rome to Home
“This is wbelow the scholastic method comes in. The strategy is composed of 5 components. 1. Ask a question. 2. List the authorities that addressed the question and also divide them into categories, pro and also con. 3. Using a mix of logical devices from Aristotle and also surprisingly sophisticated techniques of linguistic analysis, analyze the authorities via the goal of reresolving as many of the obvious contradictions as possible. 4. Present out the solution to the problem. 5. Argue against your solution from as many type of angles as feasible and respond to these anticipated objections. Scholasticism was tailor-made to enable huge amounts of brand-new product to be incorporated right into an existing body of knowledge.” ― Glenn S. Sunshine, Why You Think the Way You Do: The Story of Western Worldviews from Rome to Home
“In general, “laying foundations” is an excellent summary of the first half-millennium after the fevery one of Rome. Scholarship might have been stagnant, however it kept the ancient texts that permitted medieval scholarship to thrive later. Charlemagne lhelp the foundation for the Divine Roman Realm of the Germale Nation, the main political authority of medieval society. Manorialism lhelp the foundation for the rural economic climate, and feudalism for the fundamental political device that would govern a lot of of Europe throughout the remainder of the Center Ages.” ― Glenn S. Sunshine, Why You Think the Way You Do: The Story of Western Worldviews from Rome to Home
“Monastic institutions situated in the countryside provided a lot of of the education in Europe. With the city boom of the eleventh century and also the prospering strictness of the abbeys carried around by church recreate, cathedrals as soon as aacquire began opening institutions (or, in a couple of situations, widening existing schools) in the cities.” ― Glenn S. Sunshine, Why You Think the Way You Do: The Story of Western Worldviews from Rome to Home
“Even prior to the universities, but, a new worldview arised in the cathedral schools that had been anticipated in many type of methods by the motion away from reliance on superorganic treatment in legislation. Labeled “Platonic humanism” by chronicler R. W. Southern, this worldcheck out was based upon the idea that the civilization came from God and hence have the right to lead us earlier to God. Without going as far as the prehistoric Platonic power structure of being, twelfth-century scholars believed that the human being reflected the God that developed it — the “Platonic” part of the worldsee — and also therefore that studying the people have the right to tell us around God. God developed the world separate from himself, and since he is rational, the people he produced is also rational and also topic to rational evaluation. Since people are produced in the picture of God, we additionally are rational and hence understand the world. Though miracles have the right to and do happen, both the civilization and huguy nature have their very own integrity acomponent from God and can be studied and understood without recourse to divine treatment — the “humanist” part of Platonic humanism.” ― Glenn S. Sunshine, Why You Think the Way You Do: The Story of Western Worldviews from Rome to Home
“As Arab militaries dominated Syria (which had been component of the Roman and also Oriental empires), they found Syriac translations of Greek thoughtful works. These writings were analyzed right into Arabic, and for a time they ended up being the foundation of Muslim philosophy. Ultimately, they were rejected as being inregular with Islam. The mullahs made a decision that Muslims might accept handy functions from the conquered people, but speculative assumed was out. Christians, but, had lengthy given that made their tranquility through integrating pagan approach through the Holy bible. In fact, given that the time of the early on Christian writers, theologians had argued that just as the Hebrew prophets were the Jewish world’s road to the fact best expressed in Christianity, thinkers were the pagan world’s road to that same truth. So once Christian scholars uncovered out about the works of Aristotle in Spain, they began to interpret them into Latin, the language of the church and also of scholarship. These new texts automatically led to a buzz in the academic area, because here was a complete, well-developed worldcheck out that answered all of the crucial thoughtful questions that medieval scholars had actually grappled with. The only question was how to incorporate the “New Aristotle” right into the intellectual synthesis already in area with the development of Platonic humanism.” ― Glenn S. Sunshine, Why You Think the Way You Do: The Story of Western Worldviews from Rome to Home
“The medieval mind assumed that the rational God created a rational world and that people, made in the picture of God, were rational as well and could understand also the world.” ― Glenn S. Sunshine, Why You Think the Way You Do: The Story of Western Worldviews from Rome to Home
“Muslim scholars excelled at handy finding out such as location, astronomy, and clinical exercise, and math (consisting of inventing algebra). What they did not execute, yet, was build science, in the feeling of explanations of why the physical people works the method it does. This highlights the second distinction in between orthodox Muslim thinkers, such as al-Ghazali, and also the Condemcountries of 1277. Islam teaches that Allah straight controls whatever and deserve to carry out as he pleases via the human being. Seeking explacountries of physical processes was thus either not possible or inappropriate” ― Glenn S. Sunshine, Why You Think the Way You Do: The Story of Western Worldviews from Rome to Home
“While other Muslim scholars created pester tracts without generating the very same type of hostility, Ibn al-Khatib’s fate is illustrative of a crucial worldsee distinction in between Islam and Christianity. In Europe, plague might have actually brought about famous hysteria, however the church and also the scholars agreed that it was a herbal event and sneed to discover both the physical explacountry for the plague and a cure. The church opposed initiatives to scapegoat Jews for leading to the pester, mentioning that they were dying from it just as Christians were. Church and government officials additionally rejected the principle, put forth by teams such as the Flagellants, that the torment was a straight judgment of God on a corrupt culture. Instead, they argued it was a organic phenomenon.” ― Glenn S. Sunshine, Why You Think the Way You Do: The Story of Western Worldviews from Rome to Home
“To the Christian, the route to a coherent life was uncovered in sacrificial organization to others in imitation of Jesus.” ― Glenn S. Sunshine, Why You Think the Way You Do: The Story of Western Worldviews from Rome to Home


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“No other civilization anywhere in history ever before moved in this direction — just the West, under the influence of Christian ethics. Along via etop quality came the concept of inalienable, God-provided legal rights, which led to the Enlightenment focus on life, liberty, residential property, and virtue.” ― Glenn S. Sunshine, Why You Think the Way You Do: The Story of Western Worldviews from Rome to Home