term provided to describe chromosomes in which one collection comes from the male parent and also one collection originates from the female parent
procedure in which the number of chromosomes per cell is reduced in fifty percent via the separation of homologous chromosomes in a diploid cell
Meiosis results in four haploid cells that are genetically different from one one more and also from the original cell.

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1.B. In humale cells, 2N = 46. How many chromosomes would you mean to discover in a sperm cell? How many would certainly you suppose to find in an egg cell?
Prophase I: the cell begins to divide and also each replicated chromosome pairs through its matching homologous chromosome. Metaphase I: a spindle fiber develops and attaches to each tetrad that line up across the facility of the cell. Anaphase I: spindle fibers pull each homologous chromosome pair toward opposite ends of the cell. Telophase: the nuclear membrane develops roughly each cluster of chromosomes. Cytokinesis: develops 2 new cells. Prophase II: the chromosomes, each consisting of 2 chromatids, end up being visible. Metaphase II: a spindle fiber forms and attaches to each chromatid that line up throughout the facility of the cell. Anaphase II: spindle fibers pull each chromatid toward oppowebsite ends of the cell. Telophase II: nuclear membranes develop roughly the chromatids. Cytokinesis: the 4 haploid daughter cells create.
2.B. Compare the chromosomes of a diploid cell to a collection of shoes in a closet. How are they similar? What would make the shoe arsenal equivalent to the chromosomes of a haploid cell?
Shoes are in pairs as are chromosomes in a diploid cell. A "haploid" shoe collection would have only one shoe of each kind.
Mitosis produces two genetically similar diploid cells. Meiosis produces 4 genetically different haploid cells.
3.B. Is there any difference between sister chromatids and also homologous pairs of chromosomes? Explain.

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The sister chromatids are similar, bereason one is a copy of the other. The homologous pairs are not identical; one chromosome comes from the mommy and also one originates from the father.
4.B. If two genes are on the same chromosome yet typically astype independently, what does that tell you about exactly how cshed together they are?
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