Physical Properties of Air
Hot air broadens, and rises; cooled air contracts – gets denser – and sinks; and the capacity of the air to organize water relies on its temperature. A provided volume of air at 20°C (68°F) can hold twice the amount of water vapor than at 10°C (50°F). The partnership of how a lot water a provided mass of air actually holds compared to the amount it deserve to hold is its relative humidity.
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When air holds as much water vapor as it have the right to for a given temperature (100% loved one humidity), it is sassist to be saturated. If saturated air is warmed, it deserve to host even more water (loved one humidity drops), which is why warmth air is provided to dry objects--it absorbs moisture. On the various other hand, cooling saturated air (shelp to be at its dew point) pressures water out (condensation). This is why a container of a cold beverage sweats: it cools the air next to it and also moisture from the air condenses on the external of the have the right to.
Air warmed by ocean currental fees picks up many moisture. As the heated air rises, it increases, which is measured at the surchallenge as low air push. Expanding air cools, which pressures it to shed its moisture as rain or snow. The oppowebsite is true for sinking air. Such air compresses and also warms. In a zone of high pressure like this, moisture is soaked up by the air from its surroundings.
This photo represents the full precipitable water vapor for May 2009 as observed by nlinux.org's Atmospheric Infrared Sounder on NASA's Aqua satellite. This image represents the total precipitable water vapor for May 2009 as oboffered by the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) on NASA's Aqua satellite. It shows the complete amount of water vapor present in the atmospheric column over each allude of Earth's surface. If all the water vapor in the column were forced to fall as rain, the depth of the resulting puddle on the surchallenge at that allude is equal to the worth displayed on the map. Fifty millimeters is around 2 inches.
Physical Properties of Water
Water is an enormously reliable heat-sink. Solar warmth soaked up by bodies of water throughout the day, or in the summer, is released at night, or in winter. Sites on islands or coasts advantage from the moderating impact of the ocean and have actually "maritime" climates (prefer San Francisco). Sites ameans from the coastline absence this temperature buffering and have actually too much "continental" climates (favor Wichita).
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Like the heated air in a hot-air balloon, heated water broadens. Solar warmth absorbed at the equator reasons water to expand also. Such heated water raises the normal level of the sea surface, and such readjusted sea topography deserve to be measured. The warm in the water is brought to higher latitudes by sea curleas wbelow it is released into the setting. Water chilled by cooler temperatures at high latitudes contracts (hence gets denser), sinks, (lowers the regional topography) and returns to the equator by means of the global ocean water circulation conveyor belt to complete the cycle.