The Industrial Revolution began in Britain for a number of different reasons. Britain had access to a number of natural resources, such as iron and coal. The agricultural sector of the British economy had been steadily growing during the 18th century. Agricultural stability allowed the British population to increase.A number of factors contributed to Britain"s role as the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution. For one, it had great deposits of coal and iron ore, which proved essential for industrialization. Additionally, Britain was a politically stable society, as well as the world"s leading colonial power, which meant its colonies could serve as a source for raw materials, as well as a marketplace for manufactured goods.

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Coal replaced wood as the main source for fuel. Use of wood caused deforestation and wood shortages. Coal deposits were abundant near Great Britain and were near water sources, trade centers, and skilled laborers. Without abudant coal deposits, it would have been much harder for the economy to support iron production and use of steam engines which were necessary for industrialization.
(German for "customs union") was formed between the 38 states of the German Confederation in 1834 during the Industrial Revolution to create a better trade flow and reduce internal competition. The main contributer was Friedrich List. The Zollverein totally excluded Austria because of its highly protected industry; this would later intensify Austro-Prussian conflict. The Zollverein was dissolved in 1866 because of the south German states" support for Austria in the Austro-Prussian War, but it was re-established in 1867 with the south German states again participating. The new Zollverein was stronger, in that no individual state had a veto.
The Industrial Revolution brought about a greater volume and variety of factory-produced goods and raised the standard of living for many people, particularly for the middle and upper classes. However, life for the poor and working classes continued to be filled with challenges. Wages for those who labored in factories were low and working conditions could be dangerous and monotonous. Unskilled workers had little job security and were easily replaceable. Children were part of the labor force and often worked long hours and were used for such highly hazardous tasks as cleaning the machinery. In the early 1860s, an estimated one-fifth of the workers in Britain"s textile industry were younger than 15. Industrialization also meant that some craftspeople were replaced by machines. Additionally, urban, industrialized areas were unable to keep pace with the flow of arriving workers from the countryside, resulting in inadequate, overcrowded housing and polluted, unsanitary living conditions in which disease was rampant. Conditions for Britain"s working-class began to gradually improve by the later part of the 19th century, as the government instituted various labor reforms and workers gained the right to form trade unions.
A cottage industry is a small-scale industry, where the creation of products and services is home-based, rather than factory-based. ... Some industries which are usually operated from large, centralized factories were cottage industries before the Industrial Revolution.

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Life for the average person was difficult, as incomes were meager, and malnourishment and disease were common. People produced the bulk of their own food, clothing, furniture and tools. Most manufacturing was done in homes or small, rural shops, using hand tools or simple machines.
which took place from the 18th to 19th centuries, was a period during which predominantly agrarian, rural societies in Europe and America became industrial and urban. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, which began in Britain in the late 1700s, manufacturing was often done in people"s homes, using hand tools or basic machines. Industrialization marked a shift to powered, special-purpose machinery, factories and mass production. The iron and textile industries, along with the development of the steam engine, played central roles in the Industrial Revolution, which also saw improved systems of transportation, communication and banking. While industrialization brought about an increased volume and variety of manufactured goods and an improved standard of living for some, it also resulted in often grim employment and living conditions for the poor and working classes.Was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. This transition included going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, improved efficiency of water power, the increasing use of steam power, the development of machine tools and the rise of the factory system.Involves an economic shift from agricultural and landed society to a manufacturing society. Four Necessary Elements for Industrialization 1. World trade 2. Dynamic internal changes 3. Efficient governments 4. Acceptance of diversity
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