The French and also Indian War, the North Amerihave the right to phase of the bigger Seven Years’ War, started after a collection of occurrences in the upper Ohio River valley, which the French and British governments both claimed as their region. Military pressures assembled by both royal powers constructed forts in the region and also attempted to capture each others’ forts. These skirmishes, which included an expedition led by George Washington, ultimately led to the escalation of a broader, full-scale battle between Great Britain and also France.
You are watching: Why did the british want to expand control into the ohio valley in the mid-1700s
Wanting to limit British influence alengthy their frontier, the French built a string of forts from Lake Erie towards the forks of the Ohio (contemporary Pittsburgh).
Because the colony of Virginia additionally claimed this region, Virginian lieutenant governor Robert Dinwiddie sent out Major George Washington via a small expedition to order the removal of the French forts in late 1753. Washington arrived at Ft Le Boeuf, around 15 miles inland from present-day Erie, Pennsylvania, and also delivered his message. The commander of the fort, Jacques Legardeur de Saint-Pierre, obtained Washington and his males courteously, yet denied the validity of English clintends to the contested area. Washington then reverted hastily to Virginia, showing up in early on 1754, and also ceded the French reply to Governor Dinwiddie. Dinwiddie and also the legislature agreed that French rejection of British demands constituted a hostile act, and that the French should be thrust from their frontier forts on British-claimed land also. Dinwiddie sent out Captain William Trent of the Virginia militia to construct a fort at the strategically crucial forks of the Ohio River and also to convince the neighborhood Indians to ally versus the French. Dinwiddie likewise supported Washington to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel and ordered an expedition to compel the French to surrender their forts.
While French and British officials maneuvered army pressures about, they likewise attempted to curry favor with American Indians living in the area. The many crucial team, the Mingoes, were part of the Iroquois Confederation, which was allied through Great Britain. British officials claimed the Iroquois Confederacy had granted a Native Amerihave the right to named Tanaghrisboy the title of ‘Half-King’ over the Mingoes and other Native areas under Iroquois dominion. However before, many type of Indians in the upper Ohio Valley were involved around British colonists encroaching upon their land also, and did not acunderstanding either British or Iroquois authority. Although many of them additionally feared French power and also bore grudges versus the French from previous wars, the Indians of the top Ohio valley believed a French alliance to be the lesser of 2 evils. Consequently, they were ampermit to providing French pressures via extra guys and intelligence around British motions.
Aided by such reports, the French shortly learned of the British fort that William Trent and his small group of men were creating, and also French pressures relocated quickly to compel its surrender on April 17, 1754. The French ruined the unfiniburned fort, structure in its location the a lot more formidable Fort Duquesne.
More southern, George Washington, accompanied by Tanaghrisson, surprised an encampment of French soldiers in southwestern Pennsylvania on May 24, 1754. A brief fight ensued, and also afterwards the wounded French leader, Ensign Joseph de Jumonville, attempted to describe via translators that the French exploration was on a relaxed mission to warn British forces around their incursions into French-declared territory. Although accounts of the incident differ, it seems that Tanaghrischild, who bore an intense personal hatred of the French stemming from earlier battle experiences, intervened in the negotiations and eliminated Jumonville. Expecting further French attacks, Washington then hastily constructed a fort and ready to safeguard his pressures, however an unified French and Indian pressure forced his surrender on July 3.
Once he heard of Washington’s defeat, Lieutenant-Governor Dinwiddie automatically passed on the news to his superiors in London and also referred to as for aid from surrounding colonies. Only North Carolina responded, but refused to make any kind of expenditures external its very own boundaries. However, British Prime Minister Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of Newcastle, reacted swiftly to the news, and also planned a quick strike versus the French forts before they could be reinforced. King George II apshowed Newcastle’s arrangement to sfinish General Edward Braddock to conveniently seize French frontier forts.
See more: Economies Experience Capital Deepening When They Have _, Reading: Components Of Economic Growth
Other political leaders wanted a bigger battle, and so they publicly announced Newcastle’s plans and readjusted the original plan so that Braddock would certainly command also even more forces and also order the fractious North Amerihave the right to colonies to administer added support against the French. Once the plans had been publicly announced, the French federal government relocated conveniently to dispatch reinforcements to The United nlinux.orgs and Canada and better gone after negotiations to diplomatically isolate the British government by winning over its typical European allies. Once army pressures were under means, battle was unpreventable.