Who are The Crucible characters? What perform they execute and as soon as carry out they present up in the play? Find out in this oversee of the characters in Arthur Miller"s The Crucible.

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In this short article, I"ll go over each of the Cruciblepersonalities by name, pinallude which act(s) each character shows up in and/or is mentioned in, and briefly explain each character and what she/he does in The Crucible.

Central Cast of The Crucible

To begin off with, I"ll comment on the seven characters in The Crucible who are integral to the plot of the drama: John Proctor, Abigail Williams, Mary Warren, Giles Corey, Rebecca Nurse, Reverfinish Hale, and also Elizabeth Proctor. For each of these personalities, you"ll acquire an introduction of their relationships via other personalities in the play, a brief summary of their personality, and also a rundvery own of the actions they take throughout the play.

John Proctor

John Proctor is the central character whom the drama of The Crucible revolves roughly. This primacy is aided by the truth that he has actually relationships through many kind of of the other characters in the play: Proctor is husband also to Elizabeth Proctor, previous (adulterous) lover of Abigail Williams, employer of Mary Warren, frifinish of Giles Corey and Francis Nurse (and also by expansion their wives), and not a fan (though not exactly an enemy) of Reverend Parris. Proctor is defined by Miller as “respected and also feared in Salem,” having “a sharp and also biting way via hypocrites” also though he “regards himself as a type of a fraud” (p. 19) as a result of his affair through Abigail Williams.

Act 1: We find out that Proctor had an affair through Abigail that he claims he no longer wishes to continue. Proctor is skeptical of witchcraft and also of Parris"s claims of persecution and leaves quickly after Reverend Hale arrives at the Parris household.

Act 2: Elizabeth and John discuss the events that have actually been happening in Salem; Elizabeth motivates John to tell the court what Abigail told him about the girls faking it, which triggers a discussion around John"s affair with Abigail and his proceeding guilt about it. Over the course of the act, Proctor becomes frightened of the power the girls have with their accusations, especially once his wife is arrested for witchcraft.

Act 3: Proctor goes to court to fight the charges against his wife and problem the veracity of the girls" claims; he eventually ends up being accsupplied of witchcraft himself.

Act 4: Tormented over whether or not to confess to witchcraft to save himself, Proctor eventually ends up tearing up his signed confession and also going to the genables through what remains of his integrity undamaged.

For a deeper exploration of John Proctor’s character traits and also actions, check out our character analysis of him.

Abigail Williams

Also Knvery own As: Abby Williams

Abigail is the niece of Reverfinish Parris and also the cousin of Betty Parris. She additionally supplied to occupational as a servant with the Proctors, prior to she was sent out ameans by Elizabeth Proctor for having an affair via Elizabeth"s husband also John. She is friends (or at leastern acquaintances) via Mercy Lewis and ultimately becomes the ringleader of the "afflicted" girls (i.e. the girls that accuse people of being witches). Miller describes Abigail as "seventeenager...a strikingly beautiful girl, an orphan, with an endless capacity for dissembling" (p. 8); in significance, he is calling her a pretty little bit liar.

Act 1: Abigail is accused by her uncle of dancing in the woods (probably naked) and of being soiled; she vehemently denies this, yet once he leaves Betty wakes and also accsupplies Abigail of drinking a potion to kill Elizabeth Proctor. Ultimately, Abigail maneras to get out of being puniburned by initially accusing Tituba of forcing her to drink the potion and then appearing to confess her bewitching and also accmaking use of others of witchcraft.

Act 2: We discover out, initially using Mary Warren and then using Ezekiel Cheever before, that Abigail has actually accoffered Elizabeth Proctor of witchcraft.

Act 3: Abigail is questioned around faking her symptoms and denounces it as a lie; she then leads the girls in a hysterical display against Mary Warren when Mary tries to discredit them and also succeeds in influencing Mary to abandon her testimony.

Act 4: We hear from her uncle, Reverfinish Parris, that Abigail has run off via Mercy Lewis and also some of her uncle’s money.

For even more around Abigail Williams and her duty in The Crucible, read our thorough conversation of Abby, and our analysis of vital Abigail Williams quotes.

Me? Accuse someamong witchcraft so I can marry her husband and run off with my uncle"s money when that didn"t work-related out? Whyever would certainly you think such a thing?

Mary Warren

Mary Warren is a servant to John and Elizabeth Proctor and also component of the group of girls accutilizing people of witchcraft. Described by Miller as "seventeen, a subservient, naïve lonely girl" (p. 17), Mary is encouraged both by her desire to be a part of "the excellent doings in the world" (p. 20) and also her fears of gaining in trouble (whether with Abigail or the Proctors).

Act 1: Mary reflects up at the Parris household to confer via Abigail and Mercy around what"s going on (considering that they were all dancing in the woods the night before).

Act 2: Mary arrives back at the Proctors" slightly even more confident due to her role in the court; she brings Elizabeth a poppet she made and both the Proctors news of what has been happening in Salem and also reveals that she regulated to stave off one accusation of witchcraft versus Elizabeth (although it transforms out that after Mary left, Elizabeth was accprovided again). After Elizabeth is arrested and also taken amethod, Mary is yelled at by John Proctor and told she has to testify in court around just how she made the poppet, stuck a needle in it, and gave it to Elizabeth.

Act 3: Mary is bullied by John Proctor into testifying just how there is nothing supernatural developing in Salem. This ends up backfiring once she is accprovided of sending her heart to torment the girls; eventually, Mary accsupplies Proctor himself of being a witch and also retransforms to the fold of accindividuals.

Find Out even more about Mary Warren’s function in The Crucible via our character evaluation of her.

Giles Corey

Giles Corey is husband to Martha Corey and also friends through John Proctor and also Francis Nurse. A cantankerous old guy that has actually no difficulty suing also his friends for regarded insults, Giles is explained by Miller as "a crank and a nuisance, however withal a deeply innocent and brave man" (p. 38).

Act 1: Giles wanders right into the Parris residence to find out what’s going on. He tells Reverfinish Hale that he thinks it’s weird his wife Martha reads all the time and also that whenever before she reads, Giles has actually trouble praying (conveniently omitting the information that Giles has simply began to go to church more regularly and also so normally would certainly have actually challenge remembering his prayers).

Act 2: Giles comes to the Proctors’ residence together with Francis Nurse to report that both their wives have been arrested for witchcraft; he asks Proctor’s advice for what to do

Act 3: Giles storms into court to try to prove his wife isn’t a witch. He ends up being condemned for contempt of court as soon as he won’t name the perboy who told him that Putnam’s daughter accoffered George Jacobs of being a witch in order to have the ability to purchase George Jacobs’ forfeited land also.

Act 4: We learn through Elizabeth Proctor that Giles was pressed to death (via stones on his chest) considering that he refused to answer the accusations against him one method or another so his building would remain in his family members.

For a much more detailed conversation of Giles Corey and also what taken place to him, read our dedicated Giles Corey character analysis.

Rebecca Nurse

Also Known As: Goody Nurse

Rebecca is married to Francis Nurse. She is friendly via everyone in Salem other than for Ann Putnam, whose pertains to over her daughter Ruth Rebecca type of brushes off in Act 1.

Act 1: Rebecca comes over to the Parris family members and also tries to calm everyone dvery own, saying it’s most likely simply girls being girls and not anything superherbal. When it becomes clear that everyone else wants to go ahead with the investigation of possible witchy reasons for the girls’ habits, she decomponents.

Act 2: The audience learns from Francis Nurse that Rebecca has been arrested for the murder of Ann Putnam’s salso kids that passed away in inelaborate.

Act 3: The audience learns through Hale that Rebecca has actually been uncovered guilty of witchcraft in court (p. 80).

Act 4: Rebecca is saddened to learn that John is going to confess to witchcraft, then uplifted as soon as he decides not to; they both go to the gpermits together.

For more discussion of the feature of Rebecca Nurse in the play, make certain to read our complete evaluation of Rebecca Nurse in The Crucible The Crucible.

Reverend John Hale

Reverfinish Hale is an "expert" on witchcraft, called in from Beverly by Reverend Parris as a preventative measure (in situation Betty Parris"s affliction is superorganic in nature). Described by Miller at the beginning of the play as "nearing forty, a tight-skinned, eager-eyed intellectual," (p. 30), Hale changes over the course of the play from an idealist who believes he has the power to root out the Devil to a disillusioned male who realizes he has actually included to a hysteria and led to the deaths of innocents.

Act 1: Hale shows up in response to Parris’s summons. Excited to use his specialized skills to hunt out the Devil, Hale ends up (inadvertently) pressuring Tituba right into confessing until she names names.

Act 2: Hale involves the Proctors to inspect in on them, since he’s heard some disturbing points about them (John doesn’t go to church often, Elizabeth was accsupplied of being a witch that day, etc); he quizzes John on his commandments and also is upset/shocked to hear that the girls might be faking their fits and lying to the court. He seems conflicted (“in great pain”) yet still unwilling to completely accept how thoapproximately he’s screwed every little thing up (p. 68).

Act 3: Hale ineffectually tries to stop the juggernaut he has actually collection right into motion; he currently realizes that witchcraft isn’t as babsence and also white as he believed because at least some of the accusations clearly stem from ulterior motivations and there"s no proof besides hearsay for convictions…but it’s also late. Storms off after Proctor is ordered to jail by Danforth (p. 111), denouncing the court and what it is doing.

Act 4: Hale has actually returned to Salem to try to acquire the accsupplied witches to confess and save their lives so he can feel less guilty/accumulate less blood on his hands. He does not succeed.

Reverend Hale, by the finish of The Crucible.

Reykjavik statue/supplied under CC BY 2.0/Cropped from original.

Elizabeth Proctor

Elizabeth Proctor is married to John Proctor. Elizabeth dislikes Abigail Williams, likely as a result of the reality that John Proctor committed adultery with Abigail. While Miller does not give Elizabeth any type of specific phase direction descriptions they method he does via many of the various other personalities, we learn through assorted bits of dialogue that Elizabeth had been sick the previous winter (p. 61).

Act 2: Elizabeth tries to urge her husband to go to tvery own to tell everyone Abigail is a liar – initially because it’s the appropriate thing to carry out, then bereason she’s worried Abigail is going to accuse Elizabeth of being a witch in order to take her place in John’s life (and also bed). She is disappointed that John met through Abigail alone and somehow faibrought about mention that information to her, yet is not permitted to defend herself because John’s inner guilt causes him to react angrily and volubly to her fears.

Elizabeth accepts a poppet from Mary and also tries to safeguard Mary from John’s wrath at Mary"s having neglected her duties at home to go off to the court and accuse world of witchcraft. At the end of the act, Elizabeth is arrested and taken in after it’s revealed Abigail called her out as a witch (after Mary Warren and Hale left for the day) and also she has actually that damning poppet through a needle stuck in it.

Act 3: Elizabeth is lugged into the court to confirm that Abigail Williams was dismissed from her position for resting via John Proctor, given that John has actually boasted that Elizabeth never lies. In a crisis of faith, Elizabeth chooses to lie to defend her husband’s reputation; this unfortunately ends up having an unfavorable effect as it undercuts John’s accusation that Abigail is accutilizing Elizabeth of being a witch in order to marry John.

Act 4: Elizabeth is asked by Danforth and also Hale to convince John to confess to conserve his life; instead, she basically simply acts as a sounding board while John agonizes over what to perform. She also tearcompletely confesses that John Proctor is the finest and that she shouldn’t have actually judged him bereason just he can judge himself, and tells him that whatever before he chooses is okay by her (p. 127):

Do what you will. But let none be your judge. Tbelow be no greater judge under Heaven than Proctor is! Foroffer me, foroffer me, John—I never before kbrand-new such goodness in the world! She covers her challenge, weeping.

When Parris and Hale try to acquire Elizabeth to speak John after he’s torn up his confession and is on his method to the gpermits, she does not, stating, “He have his goodness currently. God forbid I take it from him!” (p. 134).

Other Salem Residents in The Crucible

Aside from the seven central Crucible characters noted over, tbelow are additionally many various other Salem inhabitants who show up in this play. Whether they accuse others of being witches, are accsupplied of being witches themselves, or are sindicate townscivilization with an axe to grind versus Reverend Parris, the personalities listed below all contribute to relocate the action of the plot forward.

Reverend Samuel Parris

Reverend Parris is the father of Betty Parris, uncle of Abigail Williams, and also minister of Salem. He is not portrayed in a positive light in this play, being defined by Miller from the incredibly start as someone who "cut a villainous course via history" who "believed he was being persecuted wherever before he went." Thunstable his actions and words, Parris "incredibly little great to be sassist for him" (p. 3).

Act 1: Parris is worried that Betty is sick, so he has actually called on Dr. Griggs for clinical treatment and sent out for Reverend Hale for spiritual treatment. He inquiries Abigail around her dancing in the woods via Betty and also Tituba and also discusses just how he thinks tright here are people plotting against him and also his fears about just how human being will certainly perceive him if witchcraft is discovered under his roof.

Act 3: Still self-important and petty, Parris accuses human being that he perceives as a danger or that state they don"t think in witchcraft of lying or having "concerned overthrow the court" (p. 82).

Act 4: Parris asks Danforth and Hathorne to satisfy him in jail to talk about the risks attendant on hanging well-respected members of the neighborhood choose Rebecca Nurse and also John Proctor. Parris defines that he and Hale have been praying through the convicted witches and hoping they"ll confess; for Parris, this is because the people around to hang are significant and so their deaths can cause trouble for him. He additionally mentions that Abigail has actually disappeared and seems to have stolen his life savings, which prompts Danforth to call him "a brainmuch less man" (p. 117).

Parris additionally tells Danforth that he"s been endangered as a result of his actions in the witch trials: “Tonight, when I open up my door to leave my home – a dagger clattered to the ground” (p. 119), however Danforth does not seem to treatment.

Betty Parris

Betty is the ten-year-old daughter of Reverfinish Parris and cousin to Abigail Williams...and does not acquire much more of a character description/breakthrough than that. She is the third perchild in Salem to accuse people of witchcraft (after Tituba and Abby). Other than a brief time onphase in Act 3 (when she chants in unikid through the rest of the witch-accmaking use of girls), Betty is just onphase in the time of the opening act of the play.

Throughout Act 1, Betty drops ill after dancing in the woods with Tituba and also some of the various other girls of the village (Abigail Williams, Mercy Lewis, Mary Warren, and Ruth Putnam). When she temporarily rosupplies from her stupor, Betty accuses Abigail of drinking a potion to kill Goody Proctor (p.18), prior to falling back into an inert state. Betty livens up aobtain at the end of the act to chime in through her own hysterical accusations of witchcraft.


In her forties, Tituba is Reverfinish Parris’s servant that he brought through him from Barbados. She is devoted to Betty (p. 7, p. 41) but perhaps harbors some resentment against Parris that comes out in her "confession" of witchcraft (p. 44):

TITUBA, in a fury: He say Mr. Parris have to be kill! Mr. Parris no goodly male, Mr. Parris intend guy and also no gentle man, and also he bid me rise out of my bed and also cut your throat! They gasp. But I tell him “No! I don’t hate that guy. I don’t desire kill that male.” But he say, “You occupational for me, Tituba, and I make you free! I provide you pretty dress to wear, and also put you way high up in the air, and also you gone fly back to Barbados!”

Various townshuman being (Abigail, Mrs. Putnam) seem to think that Tituba also have the right to "conjure" spirits, which at some points it seems that Tituba herself may also think ("Devil, him be pleasure-male in Barbados, him be singin’ and dancin’ in Barbados. It’s you folks – you riles him up ‘round here; it be too cold ‘round below for that old Boy. He freeze his soul in Massachusetts, but in Barbados he just as sweet...", p. 113).

Act 1: Tituba tries to discover out just how "her beloved" Betty is doing, however Parris shoos her away; later on, she is accprovided by Abigail of forcing the girls to perform the Devil’s occupational. When pressured by Hale and also Parris to confess and provide the names of those who are abetting her, Tituba ultimately does by naming Goody Good and also Goody Osburn (the 2 women Putnam had previously suggested as witch candidates).

Act 4: Tituba is in the jail with Sarah Good, acting as if she exceptionally a lot believes in the Devil. She and also Goody Good are hustled out by Herrick to make means for the judges.

Susanna Walcott

Susanna works for Doctor Griggs and also is defined by Miller as "a little younger than Abigail, a nervous, hurried girl" (p. 8). At some point, she joins in with Abigail, Betty, Mercy, and Mary as the "afflicted girls" who accusage others of witchcraft.

Act 1: Susanna tells Reverfinish Parris that Doctor Griggs is came to Betty’s disease is superherbal in beginning (p. 9).

Act 2: Susanna has become component of the group of accusers; is one of the human being Mary Warren says would’ve saw Mary sewing the poppet in court (p. 72).

Act 3: Susanna joins in via Abigail and Mercy in accutilizing Mary Warren of bewitching them through Mary’s bird-shaped heart (p. 107).

steve p2008/offered under CC BY 2.0/Cropped from original.

Mercy Lewis

Mercy is a servant to the Putnams and seems to be the specific caretaker of Ruth. She additionally appears friendly via Abigail Williams (which makes feeling, as they were dancing in the woods together) and also contemptuous of Mary Warren. Mercy is defined by Miller as "a fat, sly, mercilessgirl of eighteen" (p. 16).

Act 1: Mercy has actually involved the Parris house to uncover out what’s going on. She gets to confer through Abigail about getting their stories straight about what taken place in the woods (since Mercy was reportedly running around naked in the woods) before she"s sent amethod to obtain Doctor Griggs for Ruth.

Act 3: Mercy is among the girls in court that accuses Mary Warren of bewitching them using Mary’s bird-shaped heart (p. 106).

Act 4: Parris claims that he believes Mercy has actually run amethod via his niece, Abigail Williams (p. 116).

Mrs. Ann Putnam

Also Known As: Goody Putnam, Goody Ann

Ann Putnam is wife to Thomas Putnam and also the mother of the afflicted Ruth (who we never view onstage) and also salso various other dead kids (that we likewise never watch onstage — bereason they"re dead). Tright here shows up to be some friction in between her and Rebecca Nurse, probably bereason Rebecca Nurse has actually many kind of living youngsters and grandkids while Ann only has the one child; it additionally seems that Rebecca may have actually chided Ann in the past for not being as much as snuff (p. 36):

Let God blame me, not you, not you, Rebecca! I’ll not have you judging me any more!

Miller even more explains Ann as being “a twisted heart of forty-5, a death-ridden woguy, haunted by dreams” (p. 12). So plainly the woguy has actually some problems.

Act 1: Ann comes to the Parris family to discover out what’s going on and report that her daughter is being afflicted by somepoint probably supernatural. She knows that the reason of her daughter"s disease is somepoint superherbal bereason she sent her daughter to Tituba to uncover out (using superherbal means) who murdered Ann’s various other seven youngsters in inintricate.

Ann is all set and willing to think any type of explanation for why her children passed away except that it was natural reasons (understandable for a grieving mother). She seizes eagerly upon Tituba’s saying that Goody Osburn was a witch, saying, “I knew it! Goody Osburn were midwife to me 3 times. I begged you, Thomas, did I not? I begged him not to speak to Osburn bereason I feared her. My babies always shriveled in her hands!” (p. 44).

Thomas Putnam

Thomas Putnam is husband to Ann Putnam and also father of the afflicted Ruth. Described by Miller as "a well-to-carry out, hard-handed landowner, near fifty" (p. 12) and also "deeply embittered" with "a vindictive nature" (p. 14), Putnam has actually quarrels with almost eextremely significant (male) character that appears onstage in this play. He dislikes Francis and also Rebecca Nurse (given that their family assisted block Putnam’s candiday for minister), Reverfinish Parris (because he gained the job instead of Putnam’s brother-in-law), John Proctor (bereason he is chopping down lumber that Thomas Putnam believes rightfully belongs to him), and Giles Corey (bereason Corey accuses him of conspiring via his daughter Ruth to kill an additional man for his land).

Act 1: Putnam urges Parris to investigate possible supernatural causes of Betty’s (and his daughter Ruth’s) ailments. Miller intimates (via stage directions) that Putnam doesn’t necessarily think in witchcraft – he just is searching for a method to get power and/or make Parris carry out somepoint dumb that he deserve to then exploit: “at the minute he is intent upon acquiring Parris, for whom he has actually only contempt, to move toward the abyss” (p. 14).

Act 3: Putnam briefly mirrors up in court to say that Giles’ accusations against him are a lie (p.89).

Francis Nurse

Francis is the husband of accused witch Rebecca Nurse and also friends with Giles Corey and also John Proctor. Francis is described by Miller as "one of those guys for whom both sides of the debate had to have respect," although "as he progressively phelp for and raised his social condition, tright here were those that resented his rise" (p. 24). Basically, Francis is viewed as a fair and upstanding citizen of Salem, although tbelow are some that resent out his social-climbing. Through one of Miller"s character essays, we learn that Francis is component of the factivity that opposed Thomas Putnam’s candidate for minister of Salem (p. 24), which caused negative feelings between the two family members (that may have encouraged the accusations of Rebecca as a witch).

Act 2: Francis lets the Proctors know his wife’s in jail and also charged via superorganic murder (p. 67).

Act 3: Francis appears in court to present proof of the girls’ fraud jointly via John Proctor and Giles Corey (p. 80); brings a petition signed by next-door neighbors attesting to his wife’s great name that is then used by the court as a resource for arremainder warrants, a lot to Francis’s horror (p. 87)

Sarah Good

Also Known As: Goody Good

The first woguy to be accoffered of witchcraft in Salem, Sarah Good is defined by Elizabeth Proctor as “Goody Good that sleeps in ditches” (p. 58).

Act 1: Thomas Putnam floats her name as a possible witch (p. 43); Tituba then picks up on this priming and also names her as a co-conspirator (p. 44), complied with shortly by Abby (p. 45)

Act 2: Mary Warren reports that Sarah Good confessed to attacking the girls supernormally and also so won’t hang; also, Sarah is pregnant at age 60.

Act 4: The first (and only) time Sarah Good appears onphase is at the beginning of this act: she is hanging out through Tituba in the jail, acting a tiny crazy, and also seeming to watch the Devil. It"s unclear whether she thinks the Devil is genuine or if she’s just playing alengthy at this allude because she doesn"t have actually anything to shed and will not be hanged because she"s confessed and is pregnant.


The Court Officials

Besides the general citizens of Salem, The Crucible also has the personalities affiliated in the “legal” component of the witch trials and also the “justice” mechanism.

Ezekiel Cheever

Cheever before was originally an “hocolony tailor” (p. 69) but by the moment of his appearance in the play (in Act 2) has come to be “a clerk of the court” (p. 68). Elizabeth that he "knows well" (p. 50), but by the moment of the trials it is clear that he is no longer held in rather as high esteem ("You"ll burn for this, execute you recognize it?", p. 69).

Act 2: Cheever before pertains to arrest Elizabeth Proctor on orders from the court; he is encouraged of her guilt as soon as he finds a poppet via a needle stuck in it (p. 70), and isn"t willing to think various other explanations for it, even though Mary Warren plainly says that she"s the one who made the poppet and also stuck the needle in it.

Act 3: Cheever testifies about his endure through Goody Proctor and also John Proctor in the previous Act (finding the poppet after Elizabeth denied keeping them, John ripping up the arremainder warrant); though he predeals with his testimony through an apology to Proctor

Marshal Herrick

Herrick is the marshal for the court device in Salem, which is to say that he is the perboy sent out to gather up prisoners, speak world from leaving the court and also from attacking other people in the court, and also lead convicted witches to be hanged.

Act 2: Along via Cheever before, Herrick involves the Proctors" house to take Elizabeth Proctor ameans to the jail, as per orders of the court.

Act 3: Herrick vouches for John Proctor’s character (p. 86) and also acts as the arm of the court (he stops Proctor from attacking Abigail, stops Abigail from leaving when she’s accsupplied of whorishness, and is asked to take Proctor and also Corey to jail).

Act 4: Herrick drunkenly clears Sarah Good and Tituba out of on cell of the jail to make means for the judges’ conversation via Parris and Hale. He additionally shepherds the detainees (Elizabeth Proctor, John Proctor, and Rebecca Nurse) ago and forth in between the cells, the primary room, and also (ultimately) the gpermits.

Judge Hathorne

Judge Hathorne is a Salem judge presiding over the witchcraft trials. Described by Miller in the stage directions as “a bitter, remorseless Salem judge” (p. 78), Hathorne stays as much as that depiction in both word and deed – he reflects no mercy to the accprovided witches or their families and also is always willing to believe the worst of people. Judge Hathorne appears in Acts 3 and also 4 of The Crucible.

Act 3: Hathorne is extremely came to via all civilians showing the correct respect to the court and the law (although he"s less shrill around it than Parris is).

Act 4: Hathorne pertains to the jail to confer with Danforth; he is confused by and suspicious of why Hale is ago, disapproves of Parris’s increasingly “unsteady” and also wishy-washy demeanor (p. 115), and appears to think everyone is filled with “high satisfaction” (p. 117) at the hangings of the witches.

Fun fact: The character of Judge Hathorne is based upon the historical Hathorne that was so reviled that his descendant, writer Nathaniel Hawthorne (The Scarlet Letter, Housage of the Seven Gables), changed the spelling of his last name to protect against being linked via him.

Deputy Governor Danforth

At the time of the occasions in the play, Danforth is the Deputy Governor of the entire Province (of Massachusetts). Danforth oversees all of the court proceedings in the play as the greatest legal authority. He is defined by Miller as "a grave male in his sixties, of some humor and also sophistication that perform not, yet, interfere via an exact loyalty to his position and also his cause" (p. 79). While no one in the play appears to prefer him, exactly, he does command also respect from many of the personalities, at leastern at initially - as the play proceeds and it becomes clear that Danforth is even more concerned around procedure than justice, personalities (including Giles Corey and also John Proctor) vocally screen their loss of respect for Danforth.

Act 3: The audience initially sees Danforth in his position as the presiding court judge for the witch trials. Danforth is not swayed by eactivity yet is swayed by the girls’ demonstrations of witchcraft (probably because he have the right to see it with his own eyes, feel their clammy skin, etc). The combicountry of his dispassionate questioning and his belief in witchcraft implies that what logically follows is him ordering the arrests of everyone that signed the petition affirming the excellent personalities of Rebecca Nurse and also Martha Corey, holding Giles in contempt of court, and ordering Proctor’s arrest.

Act 4: Danforth fills the audience in on what has been going on in Salem in between Acts 3 and 4. He proceeds to absence detectable emotions and also base his decisions on legality (e.g. it wouldn’t be fair to postpone the hangings of these witches because we already hanged others) instead of morality (we should stop killing human being unless absolutely important and unmuch less all other opportunities have actually been exhausted). When he senses that John Proctor can not be entirely aboveboard in his confession, he alerts that if Proctor is lying around being a witch, then he can not stop Proctor from hanging; as soon as Proctor rips up his confession, Danforth feels no qualms around sending him to the gpermits (p. 134):

Hang them high over the town! Who weeps for these, weeps for corruption! He sweeps out past them.


A guard at the Salem jail that helps Herrick clear Tituba and Goody Good out of the room to make way for Danforth in Act 4. Hopkins doesn’t also gain a very first name, and just has actually one line (p.113) - he"s greatly tbelow to announce Danforth"s arrival.


Unwatched Characters in The Crucible

There are several personalities in The Crucible who don’t actually show up onphase however still play a critical duty in the play. In one situation, a character actually has even more lines from offphase (Martha Corey) than another character does onstage (Hopkins), while in various other instances these offstage, unchecked out personalities are provided to relocate alengthy the action of the play.

Martha Corey

Martha Corey is the (third) wife of Giles Corey, accsupplied of witchcraft straight by Walcott (and instraight by Giles himself). We learn through Francis Nurse that Martha Corey is very thought of in town - or at leastern, she was till she was accused of witchcraft (p. 67):

...Martha Corey, tright here cannot be a womale closer yet to God than Martha.

While Martha never before appears onphase, she is stated in all four acts and has 3 offstage lines in Act 3.

Act 1: Giles initially brings up his suspicions that Martha"s bookishness is somejust how resulting in him to ftransform at his prayers (despite the reality that he just started on a regular basis going to church once he married her, and also so "it didn"t take much to make him stumble over " (p. 38).

Act 2: Giles reports that Martha"s been taken away after Walcott accsupplies her of bewitching his pigs; Giles defines that he didn’t mean to indicate his wife was a witch bereason she read publications (even though that is absolutely what he implied).

Act 3: Martha is heard from offstage being doubted by Judge Hathorne around witchcraft at the opening of the act; later, she is discussed as being one of two accprovided witches that 91 people declared their excellent opinion of in a petition (p. 86-87).

Act 4: Martha is discussed as among the accused witches Hale is trying to convince to confess; later, once John Proctor asks if Martha’s confessed, Elizabeth confirms that “he will not” (p. 125).

Ruth Putnam

The just surviving kid of Thomas and Ann Putnam, Ruth, choose Betty Parris, reflects indicators of being bewitched. According to Ruth"s parental fees, Ruth was sent out by her mom to Tituba to number out that supernaturally murdered Ruth"s seven dead infant siblings; this is no doubt the factor why Ruth "never waked this morning, but her eyes open and also she walks, and hears naught, sees naught, and also cannot eat" (p. 13). While she never before shows up onstage, Ruth (and also her starray illness) is provided in absentia to corroboprice the presence of some superherbal evil in Salem in the time of Act 1.

Ruth is only carried up again a pair of times during the rest of the play: in Act 3, the audience learns that Ruth is sassist to have accsupplied George Jacobs of being a witch (p. 89), and also that she is not in the court when John Proctor brings Mary Warren to face the other girls (p. 94).

Sarah Osburn

Also Knvery own As: Goody Osburn

The name of Goody Osburn first comes up in Act 1, once she is argued by Thomas Putnam as a possible witch (p. 43). This pointer is then corroborated by the accusations of Tituba (p. 44) and also Abigail Williams (p. 45). In Act 2, we learn that Good Osburn is the first witch to be condemned to hang in Salem (p. 54). We likewise learn that it"s not all that surpincreasing that someone would certainly accusage Goody Osburn of being a witch, considering that she is “drunk and half-witted” (p.58).

George Jacobs

In the initially act of The Crucible, George Jacobs is named as a witch by Betty Parris (p. 45). His name briefly comes up in Act 2 as the owner of a heifer John Proctor is reasoning around buying for his wife (p. 48), however it is not till Act 3 that he becomes more crucial. In Act 3, Giles Corey alleges that he"s heard that Ruth Putnam accused George Jacobs of witchcraft bereason convicted witches forfeit their home, and also the just perkid that has actually sufficient money to buy up that property just so happens to be Ruth’s father, Thomas Putnam (p. 89):

...the day daughter cried out on Jacobs, he said she’d provided him a fair gift of land...

The accusation that Ruth had basically handed her father George Jacobs" home by accmaking use of him of witchcraft, but, is never before carried to trial because Giles refprovides to expose the name of the person that told him around Putnam"s words; therefore, George Jacobs becomes the instraight reason of Giles being arrested for contempt of court (and also, eventually, pressed to death).

Bridget Bishop

Also Known As: Goody Bishop

Bridget Bishop is a tavern proprietor in Salem (p. 4) and is the first witch named by Abigail that wasn’t additionally named by Tituba (p. 45). Goody Bishop"s major duty inThe Crucible is as a contrast to Rebecca Nurse; to illustrate exactly how the human being hanged previously in the play were of lower moral character than those collection to hang throughout Act 4, Parris mentions how Bridget “lived three year with Bishop prior to she married him” (p. 117).

Doctor Griggs

Doctor Griggs is discussed in Act 1 as the male Parris has actually consulted with to uncover out what’s wrong with Betty (p. 8) and also in Act 2 as the guy that confirms Sarah Good is pregnant (p. 56). He"s also the employer of Susanna Walcott.

Other People Mentioned in The Crucible

In addition to all the characters that we"ve previously debated, tbelow are additionally a number of other people mentioned over the course of the play. Several of these names are advantageous to know because they offer context to character relationships that shape exactly how events unfold in The Crucible (for instance, James Bayley is the brother-in-legislation of Putnam that was passed over for minister of Salem because of opplace by various other townscivilization, including Francis Nurse, which causes bad blood between the two families). Some of the various other names can be valuable if your teacher asks you to list off human being accoffered of witchcraft over the course of the play, or to list civilization who accprovided others of witchcraft.

Whatever the factor, if you want a list of every name discussed in The Crucible, we"re below for you: view listed below for the nittiest-of-the-grittiest table of all the called human being in The Crucible.




Mr. Collins

Reports seeing Betty Parris flying.

p. 12


Owns the barn over which Betty Parris is sassist to have actually flvery own.

p. 12

James Bayley

Brother-in-regulation of Thomas Putnam who was prevented from coming to be minister of Salem by “a faction” (including Francis Nurse & family).

p. 13

John Putnam

Brother of Thomas Putnam who aided Thomas jail George Burroughs.

p. 14

George Burroughs

Minister of Salem jailed for debts he didn’t owe by Thomas and also John Putnam (maybe out of spite bereason Burroughs ended up being minister wbelow Bayley wasn’t able to)

p. 14

Edward Putnam

Signer of the first complaint against Rebecca Nurse; brother of Thomas Putnam.

p. 25

Jonathan Putnam

Signer of the first complaint against Rebecca Nurse; brvarious other of Thomas Putnam.

p. 25

Goody Howe

Accoffered of being a witch by Betty Parris.

p. 45

Martha Bellows

Accused of being a witch by Betty Parris.

p. 45

Goody Sibber

Accprovided of being a witch by Abigail Williams.

p. 45

Alice Barrow

Accsupplied of being a witch by Betty Parris.

p. 45

Goody Hawkins

Accused of being a witch by Abigail Williams.

p. 46

Goody Bibber

Accprovided of being a witch by Betty Parris.

p. 46

Goody Booth

Accoffered of being a witch by Abigail Williams.

p. 46


Son of Elizabeth and John Proctor. Is not the perchild who snared the rablittle consumed for dinner by John and also Elizabeth in Act 2.

p. 48


Father or various other relative of Susanna Walcott. Accuses Martha Corey of witchcraft against his pigs.

p. 68

Judge Stoughton

Judge at the Salem witch trials.

p. 86

Judge Sewall

Judge at the Salem witch trials.

p. 86

Mr. Lewis

Father of Mercy Lewis; reports he believed his daughter was staying over via Abigail Williams for a night.

p. 116

Isaac Ward

Drunk Salem resident hanged as a witch; John Proctor is compared favorably to him.

p. 117

Goody Ballard

Named by Elizabeth Proctor as someone that confessed to being a witch.

p. 124

Isaiah Goodkind

Named by Elizabeth Proctor as someone that confessed to being a witch.

p. 124

Typical Discussion Topics for The Crucible Characters

Now you understand all around the personalities in The Crucible. But what can you be asked about them? Here are some widespread essay questions/discussion topics about characters in The Crucible. Practice answering them for yourself to acquire a deeper expertise of the play (also if your teachers don"t end up asking you these particular questions).

Choose a character that you think might reexisting a details "type" of person. In your essay, argue which type of person this character represents. Use evidence from the play to assistance your claims. Be certain to describe why Arthur Miller could have actually preferred to have this character recurrent this kind of perchild.Compare and contrast Elizabeth Proctor and also Abigail Williams. How is each woman impacted by her position in the Puritan theocracy of Salem?How execute various personalities serve as foils for each other (e.g. Elizabeth and Abigail, Hale and Danforth)?How carry out characters readjust throughout the play, namely John Proctor, Mary Warren, and Reverfinish Hale?How does John and also Elizabeth Proctor’s relationship drive the play?Choose one character from The Crucible. Then, argue whether their actions throughout the drama are selfish or sacrificial. Are they heroic or villainous?Was Proctor’s decision not to confess foolish or noble? Is John Proctor a tragic hero? Is The Crucible as a whole a tragedy?How does John Proctor’s dilemma readjust over the course of the play?Can we totally blame Abigail for the occasions in the play?

For even more about just how to write efficiently around the characters of The Crucible, be sure to read our short article on character analysis in The Crucible.

What’s Next?

Looking for particular character analyses from The Crucible? We’ve got thorough guides to John Proctor, Abigail Williams, Mary Warren, Giles Corey, and also Rebecca Nurse on our nlinux.org.

See more: The Youngest Rocks On The Ocean Floor Are Located ? The Age Of The Ocean Floor

Want a rundvery own of the play"s action? Then be sure to check out our complete plot summary of The Crucible.

Are you wondering, “What themes does this play cover? Is McCarthyism somejust how involved?” Find out via our discussions of The Crucible themes and McCarthyism in The Crucible!