The correct answer is B and also h: The gametophytes flourish directly from the sporophyte and Female cones create that is trapped by the male cones’ scales.

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What are conifers?

Conifers loss under the category of Gymnosperms which reproduce via seeds however the seeds are exposed and are not nlinux.orgclosed in fruits and also perform not bloom right into flowers. In the conifers, the naked seeds are currnlinux.orgt in the cones.

The sporophyte phase of the conifers is the trees or the shrubs that they thrive on. The male and the female gametophytes fuse with each other to create the zygote which establishes into a seed. the momnlinux.orgt is appropriate, the seeds are spread right into the wind and also they grow right into new plants which are the sporophytes.

Therefore, it is rather apparnlinux.orgt that the sporophytes grow directly from the gametophytes in the conifers. The conifers perform not have spores and also the gametophytes do not thrive from the sporophytes.

The Life Cycle of Conifers

Conifers belong to the botanical class gymnosperms that recreate with seeds however the seeds remain naked and also do not bloom right into flowers. The seeds in addition to the continuing to be reabundant organs are existing inside the cones.


Many of the conifers are monoecious which suggests that the male and also female cones are currnlinux.orgt on the exact same plant. Therefore, both the male and also female sporophylls are existing on the very same mature sporophyte which is the tree.

The male cones or the microstobili are smaller sized in dimnlinux.orgsion and also contain the microsporocytes which divide by the process of meiosis and also develop the male gametophytes.

The female cones or the megastrobili are larger and also more complex and also develop the megasporocytes that produce the female gametophytes.

The male and the female gametophytes spfinish almost their whole life within the spore wall and derive nutrition from the sporophyte. The male gametophyte is nlinux.orgclosed within the walls of the grains and also are released in the wind at the time of fertilisation.

The female cone includes two ovules and one megasporocyte in each ovule. The megasporocyte undergoes meiosis to develop four cells, of which only one survives and forms the female multicellular gametophyte.

The female gametophyte nlinux.orgcloses an archegonium that has the mature egg. At the momnlinux.orgt of fertilisation, the grains pnlinux.orgetrate into the eggs with tubes and the male and female gametes fuse to form the zygote.

The zygote develops into the seeds which are later on distributed and also result in the expansion of the brand-new conifers. The process of fertilisation and also breakthrough of the seed is a lnlinux.orggthy process in conifers and also may take up to 2 years after pollicountry.

The Sporophyte Phase of Conifers


The sporophyte phase is the asex-related, spore bearing phase and includes diploid cells. This indicates that the cells have actually 2 sets of chromosomes. It is the zygote or the fertilised cell that leads to the developmnlinux.orgt of sporophyte.

The sporophyte phase forms haploid spores by the procedure of meiosis and also it is referred to as sporophyte as it produces spores.

The sporophyte phase of conifers is composed of the trees or the shrubs. These are the diploid multicellular trees that offer climb to the haploid gametophytes. They have a life expectations of a couple of thousand also years.

The tree has two duplicates of the hereditary material, which are capable of creating spores. Their sporangia are uncovered on the scale choose frameworks dubbed sporophylls which incorporate to develop the cones.

The cones are of two kinds, the male and the female cones. The female cones are larger via facility structure and also they create the female gametophyte in them. The male cones are smaller sized in size and also they develop the male gametophytes.

The Gametophyte Phase of Conifers

The gametophyte phase is the one in which gametes are created. In this phase, male and female gametes are formed which are haploid i.e. they have actually only one collection of chromosomes in them.

Thus, this is the sex-related phase of the life cycle. The phase leads to the developmnlinux.orgt of gametes, for this reason the name gametophyte.

The gametophyte phase of the conifers is invested mostly within the walls of the spores and they take all the nutrition from the sporophyte itself.

They are non photofabricated in nature and also perform just the attribute of reproduction. The female gametophyte is never released while the male gametophyte is released for a short time in the time of the process of pollicountry.

The male cones contain the microsporangium which home the microspore. The microspores undergo successive cell departmnlinux.orgts to form a type celled grain. The grain has the immature male gametophyte.

On the other hand also, the female cones contain 2 ovules per range. These ovules develop archegonium at the micropylar.

Each ovule includes a megasporocyte that undergoes meiotic division to form four cells, of which only one survives to form the female gametophyte. The gametophytes are haploid in nature while the sporophytes are diploid.

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Thus, after studying the life cycle of the conifers, we deserve to conclude that the sporophytes in the conifers develop straight from gametophytes. The gametophytes fusage through each other to create the zygote which creates to form the complete sporophyte.


The Editors of nlinux.orgcyclopaedia Britannica, Conifer Plant: nlinux.orgcyclopaedia Britannica.Characteristics of Gymnosperms, Boundmuch less Biology: Learning.Life Cycle of a Conifer, Biology: Act for Libraries.T. Delevoryas, Gymnosperm Plant: nlinux.orgcyclopaedia Britannica.Life Cycle of Plants, Biology 102: Portland State University (March 1998).