Constitution of the United StatesPreambleBlog post IBlog post IIMessage IIIBlog post IVArticle VPost VIBlog post VIIAMENDMENTS
IntroductionWritten in 1787, validated in 1788, and in operation given that 1789, the USA Constitution is the world’s longest surviving composed charter of government. Its initially 3 words – “We The People” – affirm that the federal government of the USA exists to serve its citizens. The dominance of the civilization with their elected representatives is known in Blog post I, which creates a Congress consisting of a nlinux.org and a Housage of Representatives. The placing of Congress at the beginning of the Constitution affirms its condition as the “First Branch” of the federal government.The Constitution assigned to Congress duty for organizing the executive and judicial branches, elevating revenue, proclaiming battle, and also making all regulations vital for executing these powers. The president is allowed to veto specific legislative acts, but Congress has the authority to override presidential vetoes by two-thirds majorities of both dwellings. The Constitution likewise offers that the nlinux.org advise and also consent on key executive and judicial appointments and also on the approval for ratification of treaties.For over 2 centuries the Constitution has remained in pressure because its framers efficiently separated and also balanced governpsychological powers to safeguard the interests of majority dominance and minority rights, of liberty and ehigh quality, and also of the federal and state federal governments. More a concise statement of nationwide principles than a detailed setup of governpsychological operation, the Constitution has evolved to meet the changing demands of a modern culture profoundly various from the eighteenth-century human being in which its creators lived. To date, the Constitution has been amfinished 27 times, a lot of newly in 1992. The first ten amendments constitute the Bill of Rights. Annotated ConstitutionsThe Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and also Interpretation (popularly known as the Constitution Annotated) includes legal evaluation and also interpretation of the USA Constitution, based mainly on Supreme Court case legislation.
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The Constitution of the USA of America, S.PUB.103-21 (1994) (PDF), all set by the Office of the Secretary of the nlinux.org via the assistance of Johnny H. Killian of the Library of Congress in 1994, gave the original text of each clause of the Constitution with an accompanying explacountry of its meaning and also exactly how that interpretation readjusted over time.Italicized text indicates words and passperiods of the Constitution that were adjusted or affected by amendments.
| Preamble |
We the People of the United States, in Order to develop a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure residential Tranquility, administer for the widespread defense, promote the basic Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, execute ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
Message ISection 1Section 2Section 3Section 4Section 5Section 6Section 7Section 8Section 9Section 10
Section 1All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a nlinux.org and also House of Representatives.
The House of Representatives shall be written of Members liked eincredibly second Year by the People of the a number of States, and the Electors in each State shall have actually the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the a lot of numerous Branch of the State Legislature.
No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Era of twenty five Years, and also been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and that shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be favored.
Representatives and also direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which might be included within this Union, according to their corresponding Numbers, which shall be identified by including to the totality Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons. The actual Enumeration shall be made within 3 Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within eincredibly subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for eexceptionally thirty Thousand, yet each State shall have actually at Leastern one Representative; and till such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chusage three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut 5, New-York 6, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delmindful one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina 5, South Carolina five, and also Georgia three.
When vacancies take place in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall concern Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.
The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and also various other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.
The nlinux.org of the USA shall be created of two Senators from each State, preferred by the Legislature thereof, for 6 Years; and also each Senator shall have actually one Vote.Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as might be into three Classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the 6th Year, so that one 3rd may be liked every second Year; and if Vacancies happen by Resigcountry, or otherwise, throughout the Recess of the Legislature of any kind of State, the Executive thereof might make temporary Appointments till the following Meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such Vacancies.
No Human shall be a Senator that shall not have attained to the Period of thirty Years, and also been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and that shall not, as soon as chosen, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen.
The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the nlinux.org, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally split.
The nlinux.org shall chuse their other Officers, and additionally a President pro tempore, in the Absence of the Vice President, or as soon as he shall exercise the Office of President of the United States.
The nlinux.org shall have the single Power to attempt all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the President of the USA is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of 2 thirds of the Members present.Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extfinish better than to removal from Office, and disqualification to organize and reap any type of Office of honor, Trust or Profit under the United States: yet the Party convicted shall neverthemuch less be liable and also subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to Law.
Section 4The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; however the Congress may at any type of time by Law make or change such Regulations, except regarding the Places of chmaking use of Senators.The Congress shall assemble at leastern when in eincredibly Year, and such Meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unmuch less they shall by Law apsuggest a various Day.
Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Retransforms and also Qualifications of its very own Members, and also a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to carry out Business; yet a smaller sized Number might adjourn from day to day, and might be authorized to compel the Attendance of missing Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each Housage might provide.Each Housage might recognize the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its Members for disorderly Behaviour, and, via the Concurrence of 2 thirds, expel a Member.
Each House shall store a Journal of its Proceedings, and also from time to time publish the very same, excepting such Parts as may in their Judgment require Secrecy; and the Yeas and Nays of the Members of either House on any kind of question shall, at the Desire of one fifth of those Present, be gotten in on the Journal.
Neither Housage, in the time of the Session of Congress, shall, without the Consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any kind of various other Place than that in which the 2 Hooffers shall be sitting.
The Senators and also Representatives shall get a Compensation for their Services, to be ascertained by Law, and phelp out of the Treasury of the USA. They shall in all Cases, except Tfactor, Felony and also Breach of the Peace, be privileged from Arremainder in the time of their Attendance at the Session of their respective Hooffers, and in going to and also returning from the same; and for any type of Speech or Debate in either Housage, they shall not be questioned in any type of various other Place.
No Senator or Representative shall, throughout the Time for which he was elected, be appointed to any kind of civil Office under the Authority of the USA, which shall have actually been developed, or the Emoluments whereof shall have actually been encreased in the time of such time; and also no Human holding any type of Office under the United States, shall be a Member of either House throughout his Continuance in Office.
All Bills for increasing Revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the nlinux.org might propose or concur via Amendments as on other Bills.
Eextremely Bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the nlinux.org, shall, prior to it end up being a Law, be presented to the President of the United States: If he grant he shall authorize it, however if not he shall return it, via his Objections to that House in which it shall have actually originated, that shall enter the Objections at big on their Journal, and also proceed to retake into consideration it. If after such Reconsideration 2 thirds of that House shall agree to pass the Bill, it shall be sent out, in addition to the Objections, to the various other Housage, whereby it shall also be rethought about, and also if apshowed by two thirds of that House, it shall end up being a Law. But in all such Cases the Votes of both Hosupplies shall be established by Yeas and Nays, and also the Names of the Persons voting for and also versus the Bill shall be gone into on the Journal of each Housage respectively. If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the Same shall be a Law, in prefer Manner as if he had signed it, unmuch less the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its Rerevolve, in which Case it shall not be a Law.Eincredibly Order, Resolution, or Vote to which the Concurrence of the nlinux.org and also House of Representatives may be crucial (except on a question of Adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and also prior to the Same shall take Effect, shall be apconfirmed by him, or being disapverified by him, shall be repassed by 2 thirds of the nlinux.org and also Housage of Representatives, according to the Rules and Limitations prescribed in the Case of a Bill.
The Congress shall have actually Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and administer for the widespread Defence and also basic Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and also Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;
To borrow Money on the credit of the United States;
To regulate Commerce via international Nations, and also among the several States, and also through the Indian Tribes;
To create an unidevelop Rule of Naturalization, and also unicreate Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States;
To coin Money, manage the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and also solve the Standard of Weights and Measures;To administer for the Punishment of counterfeiting the Securities and current Coin of the United States;
To create Post Offices and also write-up Roads;
To promote the Progress of Science and also beneficial Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and also Inventors the exclusive Right to their corresponding Writings and Discoveries;
To constitute Tribunals inferior to the supreme Court;
To specify and punish Piracies and also Felonies committed on the high Seas, and also Offences versus the Law of Nations;
To declare War, approve Letters of Marque and also Reprisal, and also make Rules concerning Captures on Land also and also Water;To raise and support Armies, however no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years;To provide and maintain a Navy;To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces;
To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and also repel Invasions;To administer for arranging, arming, and disciplining, the Militia, and also for governing such Part of them as might be employed in the Service of the USA, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the self-control prescribed by Congress;
To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever before, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of specific States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the USA, and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent out of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings;—And
To make all Laws which shall be vital and also appropriate for moving right into Execution the foregoing Powers, and also all various other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the USA, or in any kind of Department or Officer thereof.
The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any type of of the States currently existing shall think appropriate to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress before the Year one thousand also eight hundred and eight, however a Tax or duty may be applied on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person.
The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspfinished, unmuch less when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may need it.
No Bill of Attainder or ex short article facto Law shall be passed.
No Capitation, or various other straight, Tax shall be lhelp, unless in Propercent to the Census or enumeration herein prior to directed to be taken.No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any kind of State.No Preferral shall be given by any type of Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports of one State over those of another; nor shall Vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay Duties in one more.
No Money shall be attracted from the Treasury, yet in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and a continual Statement and also Account of the Receipts and also Expenditures of all public Money shall be publimelted from time to time.
No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the United States: And no Human being holding any type of Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without the Consent out of the Congress, accept of any type of current, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind of sort whatever before, from any King, Prince, or international State.
Section 10No State shall enter right into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; give Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any kind of Thing but gold and also silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any kind of Bill of Attainder, ex short article facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or approve any Title of Nobility.No State shall, without the Consent out of the Congress, lay any kind of Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection Laws: and the net Produce of all Duties and also Imarticles, lhelp by any type of State on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United States; and also all such Laws shall be subject to the Revision and also Control of the Congress.No State shall, without the Consent out of Congress, lay any Duty of Tonnage, store Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any Agreement or Compact through another State, or with a international Power, or connect in War, unmuch less actually got into, or in such impending Danger as will not admit of delay.
Message IISection 1Section 2Section 3Section 4
The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall organize his Office in the time of the Term of four Years, and also, along with the Vice President, chosen for the same Term, be chosen, as follows:
Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof might direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and also Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: yet no Senator or Representative, or Human being holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector.
The Electors shall satisfy in their particular States, and vote by Ballot for 2 Persons, of whom one at least shall not be an Inhabitant of the exact same State through themselves. And they shall make a List of all the Persons voted for, and of the Number of Votes for each; which List they shall sign and also certify, and transmit searesulted in the Seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the nlinux.org. The President of the nlinux.org shall, in the Presence of the nlinux.org and also Housage of Representatives, open all the Certificates, and also the Votes shall then be counted. The Person having the best Number of Votes shall be the President, if such Number be a Majority of the entirety Number of Electors appointed; and also if tright here be even more than one that have actually such Majority, and also have an equal Number of Votes, then the Housage of Representatives shall instantly chuse by Ballot among them for President; and also if no Person have actually a Majority, then from the 5 highest possible on the List the sassist Housage shall in favor Manner chusage the President. But in chutilizing the President, the Votes shall be taken by States, the Representatives from each State having one Vote; a quorum for this Purpose shall consist of a Member or Members from two thirds of the States, and also a Majority of all the States shall be vital to a Choice. In every Case, after the Choice of the President, the Human having actually the best Number of Votes of the Electors shall be the Vice President. But if tright here need to remain 2 or more who have actually equal Votes, the nlinux.org shall chusage from them by Ballot the Vice-President.
The Congress might identify the Time of chmaking use of the Electors, and also the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the exact same throughout the USA.
No Human being except a herbal born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adchoice of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any perchild be eligible to that Office that shall not have actually attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.
In Case of the Removal of the President from Office, or of his Death, Resignation, or Incapacity to discharge the Powers and Duties of the shelp Office, the Same shall devolve on the Vice President, and the Congress may by Law carry out for the Case of Removal, Death, Resigcountry or Incapability, both of the President and also Vice President, heralding what Officer shall then act as President, and such Officer shall act accordingly, until the Discapability be removed, or a President shall be chosen.
The President shall, at declared Times, receive for his Services, a Compensation, which shall neither be encreased nor diminimelted in the time of the Period for which he shall have actually been elected, and he shall not receive within that Period any other Emolument from the USA, or any type of of them.
Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:—"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will certainly faithtotally execute the Office of President of the United States, and also will to the finest of my Ability, keep, safeguard and defend the Constitution of the United States."
The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the numerous States, as soon as called into the actual Service of the United States; he may call for the Opinion, in writing, of the primary Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any type of Subject relating to the Duties of their corresponding Offices, and also he shall have actually Power to Grant Reprieves and also Pardons for Offences against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment.
He shall have actually Power, by and also through the Advice and Consent of the nlinux.org, to make Treaties, offered two thirds of the Senators present concur; and also he shall nominate, and also by and also with the Advice and also Consent of the nlinux.org, shall apsuggest Ambassadors, various other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and also all other Officers of the USA, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise offered for, and which shall be establimelted by Law: however the Congress might by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments.
The President shall have actually Power to fill up all Vacancies that might occur throughout the Recess of the nlinux.org, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session.
He shall from time to time offer to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommfinish to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he might, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Hoprovides, or either of them, and also in Case of Disagreement in between them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may adjourn them to such Time as he shall think proper; he shall get Ambassadors and also various other public Ministers; he shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and also shall Commission all the Officers of the United States.
The President, Vice President and all Civil Officers of the USA, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Tfactor, Bribery, or various other high Crimes and also Misdemeanors.
Post IIISection 1Section 2Section 3
The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress might from time to time ordain and also create. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall organize their Offices during good Behaviour, and also shall, at proclaimed Times, receive for their Services, a Compensation, which shall not be diminiburned throughout their Continuance in Office.
The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, developing under this Constitution, the Laws of the USA, and also Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority;—to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, various other public ministers and also Consuls;—to all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction;—to Controversies to which the United States shall be a Party;—to Controversies between two or more States;—between a State and Citizens of another State;—in between Citizens of various States;—between Citizens of the same State claiming Lands under Grants of different States, and also between a State, or the Citizens thereof, and international States, Citizens or Subjects.
In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, various other public Ministers and also Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall have original Jurisdiction. In all the other Cases prior to pointed out, the supreme Court shall have actually appellate Jurisdiction, both regarding Law and Fact, with such Exceptions, and under such Regulations as the Congress shall make.
The Trial of all Crimes, other than in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and also such Trial shall be held in the State wright here the said Crimes shall have been committed; but as soon as not committed within any State, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have actually directed.
Treason versus the United States, shall consist only in levying War versus them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort. No Human shall be convicted of Tfactor unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the very same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court.The Congress shall have actually Power to declare the Punishment of Tfactor, however no Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture other than throughout the Life of the Person attainted.
Post IVSection 1Section 2Section 3Section 4
Full Faith and Crmodify shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of eexceptionally other State. And the Congress may by basic Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and Proceedings shall be showed, and the Effect thereof.
The Citizens of each State shall be entitcaused all Privileges and also Immunities of Citizens in the a number of States.
A Human charged in any State with Tfactor, Felony, or various other Crime, that shall flee from Justice, and also be uncovered in another State, shall on Demand of the executive Authority of the State from which he fled, be ceded up, to be removed to the State having actually Jurisdiction of the Crime.
No Human held to Service or Labour in one State, under the Laws thereof, escaping into one more, shall, in Consequence of any Law or Regulation therein, be discharged from such Service or Labour, but shall be yielded up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labour might be due.
New States may be admitted by the Congress right into this Union; but no brand-new State shall be formed or set up within the Jurisdiction of any type of various other State; nor any type of State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or Parts of States, without the Consent out of the Legislatures of the States came to and of the Congress.
The Congress shall have actually Power to dispose of and also make all needful Rules and also Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United States; and nopoint in this Constitution shall be so interpreted regarding Prejudice any kind of Clintends of the USA, or of any type of certain State.
The United States shall guarantee to eexceptionally State in this Union a Republideserve to Form of Government, and also shall protect each of them versus Invasion; and also on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened) versus domestic Violence.
Message VThe Congress, whenever 2 thirds of both Hooffers shall deem it crucial, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the numerous States, shall contact a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and also Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, once ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States, or by Conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the various other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment which may be made prior to the Year One thousand also eight hundred and also eight shall in any type of Manner impact the initially and also fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the initially Article; and that no State, without its Consent out, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the nlinux.org.
Article VIAll Debts contracted and also Engagements entered right into, prior to the Adalternative of this Constitution, shall be as valid versus the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation.This Constitution, and also the Laws of the USA which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and also the Judges in eextremely State shall be bound thereby, any kind of Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any type of state to the Contrary notwithstanding.The Senators and also Representatives before pointed out, and also the Members of the several State Legislatures, and also all executive and also judicial Officers, both of the United States and also of the numerous States, shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to assistance this Constitution; but no religious Test shall ever be compelled as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States.
Article VIIThe Ratification of the Conventions of nine States, shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution in between the States so ratifying the Same.
Done in Convention by the Unanimous Consent out of the States present the Seventeenth Day of September in the Year of our Lord one thousand also seven hundred and Eighty seven and also of the Independence of the USA of America the Twelfth In Witness whereof We have actually hereunto subscribed our Names,
And deputy from Virginia
New Hampshire John Langdon
Massachusetts Nathaniel Gorham
Connecticut Wm. Saml. Johnson
New York Alexander Hamilton
New Jersey Wil: Livingston
Pennsylvania B Franklin
Delaware Geo: Read
Gunning Bedford jun
Maryland James McHenry
Dan of St. Thos. Jenifer
Virginia John Blair—
James Madison Jr.
North Carolina Wm. Blount
Richd. Dobbs Spaight
South Carolina J. Rutledge
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
Georgia William Few
Attest William Jackchild Secretary
AMENDMENTSAmendment I (1791)Amendment II (1791)Amendment III (1791)Amendment IV (1791)Amendment V (1791)Amendment VI (1791)Amendment VII (1791)Amendment VIII (1791)Amendment IX (1791)Amendment X (1791)Amendment XI (1795/1798)Amendment XII (1804)Amendment XIII (1865)Amendment XIV (1868)Amendment XV (1870)Amendment XVI (1913)Amendment XVII (1913)Amendment XVIII (1919)Amendment XIX (1920)Amendment XX (1933)Amendment XXI (1933)Amendment XXII (1951)Amendment XXIII (1961)Amendment XXIV (1964)Amendment XXV (1967)Amendment XXVI (1971)Amendment XXVII (1992)
Amendment I (1791)Congress shall make no legislation respecting an facility of religious beliefs, or prohibiting the totally free exercise thereof; or abridging the liberty of speech, or of the press; or the ideal of the world peaceably to assemble, and also to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
Amendment II (1791) A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the protection of a free State, the ideal of the world to keep and also bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
Amendment III (1791)
No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any kind of residence, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of battle, however in a manner to be prescribed by law.
Amendment IV (1791)The right of the world to be secure in their persons, homes, records, and impacts, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and also no Warrants shall worry, however upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and also particularly describing the location to be searched, and also the persons or things to be seized.
Amendment V (1791)No perchild shall be held to answer for a funding, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand also Jury, other than in instances occurring in the land also or naval pressures, or in the Militia, once in actual company in time of War or public danger; nor shall any perkid be subject for the exact same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any kind of criminal situation to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall exclusive residential property be taken for public use, without just compensation.
Amendment VI (1791)In all criminal prosecutions, the accprovided shall gain the ideal to a speedy and also public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have actually been previously ascertained by legislation, and also to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be challenged via the witnesses against him; to have actually compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have actually the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.
Amendment VII (1791)In Suits at common regulation, where the value in debate shall exceed twenty dollars, the best of trial by jury shall be kept, and no truth tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the prevalent law.
Amendment VIII (1791)Excessive bail shall not be forced, nor extreme fines applied, nor cruel and also inexplicable punishments inflicted.
Amendment IX (1791)The enumeration in the Constitution, of particular civil liberties, shall not be interpreted to deny or disparage others maintained by the human being.
Amendment X (1791)The powers not delegated to the USA by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are scheduled to the States respectively, or to the world.
Amendment XI (1795/1798)The Judicial power of the United States shall not be taken to extend to any kind of suit in legislation or equity, commenced or prosecuted versus among the United States by Citizens of an additional State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any type of Foregime State.
Amendment XII (1804)
The Electors shall meet in their respective states and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, among whom, at leastern, shall not be an inhabitant of the exact same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the perboy voted for as President, and also in distinct ballots the perboy voted for as Vice-President, and also they shall make unique lists of all persons voted for as President, and also of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and also of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and also certify, and also transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the USA, directed to the President of the nlinux.org;—The President of the nlinux.org shall, in the existence of the nlinux.org and also House of Representatives, open up all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted;—The perboy having the biggest Number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a bulk of the whole variety of Electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the greatest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in picking the President, the votes shall be taken by claims, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this function shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the claims, and also a majority of all the claims shall be crucial to a selection. And if the Housage of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever before the ideal of option shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March following complying with, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in the situation of the fatality or other constitutional discapacity of the President—The perboy having actually the best variety of votes as Vice-President, shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a bulk of the entirety number of Electors appointed, and also if no person have actually a bulk, then from the 2 greatest numbers on the list, the nlinux.org shall select the Vice-President; a quorum for the function shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a bulk of the totality number shall be essential to a selection. But no perboy constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States.
Amendment XIII (1865)Section 1. Neither slaincredibly nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any kind of place subject to their jurisdiction.Section 2. Congress shall have actually power to enforce this short article by correct law.
Amendment XIV (1868)Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and topic to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the USA and also of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any type of legislation which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due procedure of law; nor deny to any type of perchild within its jurisdiction the equal security of the laws.Section 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their particular numbers, counting the totality variety of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the appropriate to vote at any type of election for the choice of electors for President and Vice President of the USA, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and also Judicial policemans of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any type of of the male citizens of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and also citizens of the United States, or in any kind of way aconnected, other than for participation in rebellion, or various other crime, the basis of depiction therein shall be diminished in the proportion which the variety of such male citizens shall bear to the whole variety of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.Section 3. No perchild shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any kind of office, civil or army, under the USA, or under any type of State, that, having actually formerly taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the USA, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the very same, or offered assist or comfort to the opponents thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.Section 4. The validity of the public debt of the USA, authorized by regulation, consisting of debts incurred for payment of pensions and also bounties for services in suppushing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the USA nor any type of State shall assume or pay any debt or responsibility incurred in help of insurrection or rebellion versus the United States, or any insurance claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, duties and also clintends shall be held illegal and void.Section 5. The Congress shall have power to enpressure, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this post.
Amendment XV (1870)Section 1. The best of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enpressure this post by proper law.
Amendment XVI (1913)The Congress shall have actually power to lay and also collect taxes on incomes, from whatever before source acquired, without apportionment among the several States, and also without regard to any kind of census or enumeration.
Amendment XVII (1913)The nlinux.org of the United States shall be created of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and also each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most countless branch of the State legislatures.When vacancies happen in the representation of any kind of State in the nlinux.org, the executive authority of such State shall concern writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, That the legislature of any kind of State might empower the executive thereof to make momentary appointments till the human being fill the vacancies by election as the legislature might straight.This amendment shall not be so interpreted regarding impact the election or term of any type of Senator favored prior to it becomes valid as component of the Constitution.
Amendment XVIII (1919)Section 1. After one year from the ratification of this short article the manufacture, sale, or transport of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the USA and also all area subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage functions is hereby prohibited.
Section 2. The Congress and the several States shall have actually concurrent power to enpressure this article by appropriate regulation.
Section 3. This write-up shall be inoperative unless it shall have actually been validated as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the numerous States, as gave in the Constitution, within salso years from the date of the entry hereof to the States by the Congress.
Amendment XIX (1920)
The best of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or aconnected by the United States or by any kind of State on account of sex.Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate law.
Amendment XX (1933)Section 1. The terms of the President and also Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the regards to Senators and also Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have actually finished if this short article had not been ratified; and the regards to their followers shall then start.Section 2. The Congress shall assemble at least when in annually, and also such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of January, unless they shall by law apallude a different day.Section 3. If, at the time fixed for the start of the term of the President, the President elect shall have actually passed away, the Vice President elect shall come to be President. If a President shall not have been liked before the time addressed for the start of his term, or if the President elect shall have faicaused qualify, then the Vice President elect shall act as President till a President shall have qualified; and also the Congress might by regulation provide for the situation wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall have qualified, proclaiming that shall then act as President, or the manner in which one that is to act shall be selected, and also such perkid shall act appropriately till a President or Vice President shall have qualified.Section 4. The Congress may by law provide for the situation of the death of any type of of the persons from whom the Housage of Representatives may pick a President whenever before the right of alternative shall have actually dadvanced upon them, and for the case of the death of any kind of of the persons from whom the nlinux.org may select a Vice President whenever before the ideal of choice shall have actually dprogressed upon them.Section 5. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 1fifth day of October adhering to the ratification of this short article.Section 6. This write-up shall be inoperative unmuch less it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the numerous States within seven years from the day of its entry.
Amendment XXI (1933)Section 1. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the USA is hereby repealed.Section 2. The transport or importation into any State, Territory, or possession of the USA for shipment or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the regulations thereof, is hereby prohibited.Section 3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the a number of States, as gave in the Constitution, within salso years from the day of the entry hereof to the States by the Congress.
Amendment XXII (1951)Section 1. No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has actually held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other perkid was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President even more than once. But this Message shall not apply to any kind of person holding the office of President, once this Article was proposed by the Congress, and also shall not proccasion any perkid that may be holding the office of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this Blog post becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President throughout the remainder of such term.Section 2. This article shall be inoperative unmuch less it shall have been validated as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within salso years from the day of its entry to the States by the Congress.
Amendment XXIII (1961)Section 1. The District constituting the seat of Government of the USA shall appoint in such manner as the Congress might direct:A number of electors of President and also Vice President equal to the entirety number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a State, yet in no event more than the leastern populous State; they shall be in enhancement to those appointed by the States, however they shall be thought about, for the objectives of the election of President and Vice President, to be electors appointed by a State; and they shall fulfill in the District and perform such duties as provided by the twelfth write-up of amendment.Section 2. The Congress shall have actually power to enforce this short article by appropriate legislation.
Amendment XXIV (1964)Section 1. The ideal of citizens of the USA to vote in any kind of major or various other election for President or Vice President for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the USA or any type of State by factor of faiattract to pay any kind of poll taxation or various other taxes.Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by proper law.
Amendment XXV (1967)Section 1. In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall end up being President.Section 2. Whenever before there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President that shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Hoprovides of Congress.Section 3. Whenever before the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the nlinux.org and also the Speaker of the House of Representatives his created declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and also duties of his office, and also till he transmits to them a created declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President.Section 4. Whenever before the Vice President and also a bulk of either the primary police officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law carry out, transmit to the President pro tempore of the nlinux.org and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their composed declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and also duties of the office as Acting President.Thereafter, once the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the nlinux.org and the Speaker of the Housage of Representatives his composed declaration that no incapability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unmuch less the Vice President and a bulk of either the major officers of the executive department or of such various other body as Congress may by legislation administer, transmit within four days to the President pro tempore of the nlinux.org and also the Speaker of the House of Representatives their created declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the worry, assembling within forty-eight hours for that purpose if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty-one days after receipt of the last created declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty-one days after Congress is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both Hooffers that the President is unable to discharge the powers and also duties of his office, the Vice President shall proceed to discharge the very same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and also duties of his office.
Amendment XXVI (1971)Section 1. The appropriate of citizens of the United States, who are eighteenager years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or alinked by the United States or by any kind of State on account of age.Section 2. The Congress shall have actually power to enforce this article by proper law.
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Amendment XXVII (1992)No law varying the compensation for the solutions of the Senators and also Representatives shall take impact, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.