People through bladder control worries might have to perform self-catheterization to empty the bladder. Also called clean intermittent catheterization, the process entails using a catheter, or tube, to drain urine at constant intervals throughout the day. People through certain clinical conditions may require self-catheterization.

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What is self-catheterization?

Self-catheterization is a method to empty your bladder when you have difficulty urinating. As the name argues, you perdevelop the procedure yourself.

Self-catheterization, additionally called clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) or intermittent self -catheterization (ISC), entails inserting a thin, hollow tube referred to as a catheter right into the bladder with the urethra (the tube from which the urine exits your body). Urine drains out of the catheter right into a toilet or container. When your bladder is empty, you slip out (remove) the catheter. You repeat these procedures at continual intervals (intermittently) several times a day.

What are the types of urinary catheterization?

There are a number of means to usage a catheter to empty the bladder:

Indwelling: A sterile tube referred to as a Foley catheter continues to be in the bladder. The tube is inserted with the urethra, or in some instances straight right into the bladder from the lower abdomales (supra-pubic catheter). The catheter attaches to a drainage bag that collects urine throughout the day and night. A balloon in the guideline of the catheter keeps the catheter from slipping out of the bladder. Depfinishing on your mobility and also instance, the drainage bag might affix to a bed, your leg, or garments.Self (clean intermittent): You or a caregiver insert a catheter right into the bladder at regular intervals throughout the day. Urine drains with the catheter right into a toilet, arsenal bag or container.

Who might need self-catheterization?

Certain wellness problems can make it hard to empty your bladder. Bladder control issues that might need a catheter are even more likely if you have:

Procedure Details

How must I prepare for self-catheterization?

Your healthtreatment provider will certainly present you exactly how to perform self-catheterization. The process gets less complicated with practice. Before performing self-catheterization, you should:

Try to urinate the continual method.Wash your genitals with soap and also water or an antiseptic towelette. This action lowers infection hazard.Rerelocate the catheter from its package being careful to keep it extremely clean.Apply a water-based lubricant on the reminder and top two inches of the insertion finish of the catheter if needed. Some catheters come pre-lubricated.

How carry out I perdevelop self-catheterization?

Regardless of gender, the actions for performing self-catheterization are mainly the exact same. Females might find it helpful at initially to usage a mirror to find the urethral opening wright here urine comes out. To percreate self-catheterization:

Sit on the toilet (females might choose to stand also or squat over the toilet). Use firm, gentle pressure to insert the lubricated finish of the catheter right into the urethra.Hold the various other end of the catheter over the toilet bowl or container.Slowly slide the catheter till it reaches the bladder and also urine starts to circulation out of the tube.Continue inserting the catheter one more inch or two.Hold the catheter in place until the bladder empties.Slowly and also gently slide out the catheter.

What need to I perform after finishing self-catheterization?

Cleanup is a vital action to preventing infection. Always wash your hands when you complete in the bathroom. The catheters are all single-use, please dispose of it in the trash.

How regularly carry out I have to perdevelop self-catheterization?

Your healthtreatment provider can help identify just how many type of times a day you need to empty your bladder. Many civilization finish the procedure four to 6 times a day or eincredibly 4 to 6 hrs.

Risks / Benefits

What are the potential threats or complications of self-catheterization?

Inserting a catheter deserve to raise the hazard of introducing infection-leading to bacteria into the body, however having actually an indwelling Foley catheter presents even a higher hazard. So if feasible, CIC is a better option than an indwelling Foley. With any form of catheter, you have actually a greater possibility of having a:

Bladder infection, perforation or spasms.Urethral scarring and also strictures.

When to Call the Doctor

When have to I speak to the doctor?

You have to contact your healthtreatment provider if you experience:

Bladder spasms (sudden painful cramps and unsupposed leaking of urine).Difficulty inserting the catheter.Unnormally little quantities of urine when emptying your bladder.Skin rash or sores at the website of insertion.

A note from Cleveland Clinic

Some world require self-catheterization for a short time. Depending on the reason of the bladder problem, medicines or surgical procedure may correct the problem. If you have actually a chronic problem or a problem that is intended to gain worse over time, you may always must usage a catheter to urinate. Everyone’s instance is different. Talk to your healthcare provider around what you deserve to intend.


Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical facility. Advertising on our website helps assistance our mission. We perform not endorse non-Cleveland also Clinic commodities or solutions.Policy

The Glickman Urological & Kidney Institute provides innovative treatments in urology and nephrology, including minimally invasive, scarless choices for urologic actions and medical monitoring of kidney disease.

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Cleveland also Clinic is a non-profit scholastic clinical facility. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We carry out not endorse non-Cleveland also Clinic assets or services.Policy

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