Subjects and Predicates

Parts of speech haveparticular jobs to percreate as soon as they are put together in a sentence.

You are watching: This refers to the ordering of elements in a sentence.

A nounor pronoun attributes as the sentence topic once itis paired via a verb functioning as the sentence predicate.

Eexceptionally sentence has a subjectand also predicate.

A subject deserve to be anounor pronoun that is partnered with an activity verb.



Sometimes a verb willexpush being or existence rather of action.



Sometimes we usesentences in which a subject is not actually stated, however is,nevertheless, understood in the interpretation.



A sentence prefer this gives an order or a repursuit to someone.


Due to the fact that we usage suchstatements once we are talking directly to someone, we omit the word you.It is understood in the sentence. Because of this, in statementslike this one, we say the topic is

you (understood).

This type of sentence isan imperative sentence.

A predicate is a verb that expresses the subject"s activity or state of being.



Sometimes the predicatewill be written of two or 3 verbs that fit together - the mainverb preceded by one or even more auxiliary (helping) verbs.


IMPORTANT NOTE: Tobe a predicate, a verb that ends in -ing should ALWAYShave actually a helping verb through it. An -ing verb WITHOUT a helpingverb cannot be a predicate in a sentence.

A subject and predicatemay not constantly show up together or in the normal order, as the following examplesshow:





A phrase is agroup of related words that

1. does not expush a complete thought

2. does not have actually a topic and predicate pair

One type of phrase isa prepositionalexpression.



Another sort ofexpression is a verbal expression.



Even though these phrasescontain nouns (pronouns) and/or verb develops, namong the nouns/pronouns/verbs aresubjects or predicates. None of them occupational as a partnership.

Also, these phrasesexecute NOT expush complete thoughts.


Words and phrases deserve to beput together to make clasupplies.

A clause isa team of connected words that contain a topic and predicate.

Keep in mind the differencebetween phrases and also claprovides in the complying with examples:


Only among the clasupplies is a sentence.

Clausage #1 offers a thoughtor an idea that is COMPLETE, that deserve to stand also by itself, independent ofvarious other words.

However, clausage #2 givesan INCOMPLETE assumed or principle, one that cannot stand also by itself, one thatneeds some more words to make it whole. Words after transforms themeaning, making the assumed infinish. After reading this clause, we are lefthanging.


These two clausesillustrate the two kinds of clauses:

independent clauses and also dependent clauses

An independent clause is a group of words that includes a subject, a predicate, and a completebelieved.

A dependent clause is a group of words that consists of a subject and also a predicate, but does NOTexpress a finish thought.

Compounding Sentence Elements

Words, phrases, and clauses may be joined to one an additional inside a sentence via a conjunction.The coordinating conjunctions and also, however,or, and nor may join topics, predicates, adjectives, adverbs, prepositional phrases or dependent claoffers within a sentence. This procedure is referred to as "compounding."The adhering to examples display the process of compounding







When whole independent clauses (basic sentences) are joined this method, they becomecompound sentences.

Avoiding Fragments

A complete sentenceneeds only 2 elements:

a topic - predicate unit AND acomplete thought

In various other words, a simplesentence is actually the SAME thing as an independent clause.

Dependent clausesor phrases are referred to as fragments because they are missingone or more components required to make a sentence.

As such, they are only piecesor pieces of complete sentences.

Look at these examples:


Avoiding Comma Splices and also Fsupplied Sentences

Sometimes two independent clauses (simple sentences) have the right to be joined to develop an additional kind ofsentence: the compound sentence.

Two significant errorsdeserve to take place as soon as creating compound sentences.

Error #1: The CommaSplice

Writers make this erroras soon as they attempt to sepaprice the two independent clasupplies in a compound sentencethrough a comma alone.

A comma is not a strongsufficient punctuation note to separate the 2 independent clauses by itself; hence,utilizing it causes the clauses to be spliced together.

Example of a commasplice:


This sentence have the right to berepaired in 3 ways:

1. by adding an appropriate coordinating conjunction

2. by altering the comma to a semicolon

3. by altering the punctuation and including an proper conjunctiveadverb

Error #2: The FusedSentence

Writers make this errorby joining two independent claoffers into a compound sentence without usingany punctuation in between them.

No punctuation betweenthe 2 independent clasupplies causes them to "fuse" right into an INCORRECTcompound sentence.

See more: Sql All-In-One For Dummies By Allen G, Sql All In One For Dummies By Allen G

Example of a fusedsentence:


This sentence is alsorepaired in 3 ways: including a comma and also an correct coordinating conjunction

2. by placing a semicolon in between the two clauses

3. by adding the needed punctuation and also an correct conjunctiveadverb

Anvarious other method to repair acomma splice or fprovided sentence is to make each independent clauseright into a easy sentence.