Is it Elphaba or Evillene? With Wicked still going solid on Broadmeans and also The Wiz Live! hitting a viewership of over 11 million last night, we"re helping you store the most beloved musical adaptations of L. Frank Baum"s "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" straight.

L. Frank Baum"s "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" came to be an almost-instant classical upon its publication in 1900. The timemuch less story of Dorothy, the Scarecrow, the Tin Man and the Cowardly Lion"s pursuit for the points they desire a lot of has resonated via audiences for generations.

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With the popularity of the story, it"s no surpclimb that it has actually got a number of significant dramatized adaptions. The 3 the majority of influential for musical theatre fans are the 1939 MGM movie-musical "The Wizard of Oz," the 1975 "super heart musical" The Wiz and the 2003 musical prequel to Baum"s novel, Wicked. Though Dorothy and also her friends journey to the Emerald City appears to be a constant among every one of the adaptations, many type of various other details differ.

With last night"s broadcast ofThe Wiz poised for a Broadway rebirth, we"re taking a look at exactly how these different takes on Baum"s original tale take care of 4 key pieces of the story.

1. Dorothy"s Slippers


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"The Wizard of Oz"

How it occurred in the book:Soon after getting here in Oz, Dorothy picks up a brand-new pair of magical shoes that are the envy of everyone around her.In the original novel, Dorothy gets silver slippers.

In "The Wizard of Oz,"Dorothy"s ruby slippers are one of the film"sthe majority of iconic and also beloved images — a pair of them provided in the time of the filming of the 1939 movie newly offered for $2 million at an auction — but they didn"t actually come from Baum. When it came time to make a big-budget movie-musical filmed in technicolor, the decision was made to make the shoes even more vivid by making them ruby red.The Wiz changed ago to silver slippers (you may have actually noticed), though they are described as pumps.Wicked stuck with silver as well, though it maneras to obtain in a nod to the well known ruby slippers by having them glow red as soon as they become enchanted, enabling the wheelchair-bound Nessdeveloped to walk.

2. The Witches of Oz

How it taken place in the book: Baum"s book defines 4 witches of Oz, 2 good and 2 negative. Dorothy"s residence is lugged by a tornaperform to the land of Oz and also lands on the Wicked Witch of the East, the evil ruler of the munchkins. The first witch Dorothy meets is the Good Witch of the North, that gives her the silver slippers and starts her on her journey to the Emerald City. Of course, the Wicked Witch of the West is the main villain of the story, that Dorothy hregarding damage in order for the Wizard of Oz to approve her wishes. When the Wizard transforms out to be not quite so wonderful, it is Glinda, the Good Witch of the South who arrives to help her gain residence at last.


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Jackie Burns in Wicked Joan Marcus

"The Wizard of Oz":For the 1939 movie-musical, the Good Witch of the North was deleted and Dorothy encounters Glinda twice, in the land of the munchkins and later in the Emerald City.The Wiz: All four witches remain, yet they acquire new names. The Wicked Witch of the East becomes Evvaexpect, the Good Witch of the North becomes Addaperle ("Miss One" in the movie version) and the Wicked Witch of the West becomes Evillene, while Glinda gets to keep her name.Wicked:The storyfamously centers on the Wicked Witch of the West, named Elphaba, whose sister, the Wicked Witch of the East, is named Nessoccurred. As in the 1939 movie-musical, tright here is only one various other witch in Wicked. She is initially called Galinda, though she later shor10s this to Glinda.Bonus:It also bares mentioning that the Wicked Witch of the West"s green skin originates from the 1939 movie-musical, though Wicked adopted this character trait and also made it a major plot allude. Baum"s wicked witch had a peg leg and an eye patch.

3. The Songs of Oz


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Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr, Judy Garland also and also Jack Haley in "The Wizard of Oz" Photo by 1939 Warner Home Video

"The Wizard of Oz":The songs of the original movie are some of our culture"s most pervasive and beloved songs, chief of which would certainly probably be "Over the Rainbow." It was introduced in the film by Judy Garland also, and also it became her signature number for the rest of her life. In 2001, it was ranked initially on the RIAA and NEA"s "Songs of the Century" list.The Wiz:It must have appeared daunting to attempt and create a new musical variation of the same story, but composer and lyricist Charlie Smalls did just that as soon as he composed the score to The Wiz in 1975. For the many part, he avoided pitting his songs versus the songs from the beloved 1939 MGM movie by musicalizing the scenes in various means. For circumstances, The Wiz opens through "The Feeling We Once Had," which Aunt Em sings to Dorothy. Just a couple of seconds after that song ends, Dorothy is recorded up in the tornado; the "Over the Rainbow" moment is skipped totally. As in the 1939 movie, each of Dorothy"s friends have actually songs to sing when Dorothy comes upon them on her journey to the Emerald City. However before, in "The Wizard of Oz," the Scarecrow, Tin Man and Cowardly Lion all sing about what they would certainly favor the Wizard to offer them ("If I Only Had a Brain/Heart/the Nerve"). The songs in these slots in The Wiz are more mainly introductory to the personalities ("I Was Born On the Day After Yesterday," "Slide Some Oil To Me" and "Median Ole" Lion").The only songs that directly correlate through each various other in the two scores are "We"re Off to See the Wizard" and "Ease On Down the Roadway."Wicked primarily tells a different component of the story than "The Wizard of Oz" and also The Wiz, but the latter two use different songs to tell the exact same component of the story.


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The agency of The Wiz Live! Picture by Paul Gilmore/NBC

4. Does Dorothy actually take a trip to Oz?

How it occurred in the book:Baum"s novel has actually Dorothy travelling to the magical land also of Oz and also returning to her home in Kansas at the finish."The Wizard of Oz:" The movie-musical version famously tinkered with this finishing, making the whole journey a dream Dorothy has actually after being knocked out throughout the tornaperform.The Wiz and Wicked, but, offered Baum"s notion that Oz is a real area and that Dorothy"s journey is a actual one.

Harvey Fierstein, that has actually adjusted William F. Brown"s 1975 book to The Wiz for the The Wiz Live! teleactors, has freshly explained Dorothy"s journey as a dream, so we might obtain to check out one more take on the story"s finishing when The Wiz Live! debuts Dec. 3.

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Logan Culwell is a musical theatre chronicler, nlinux.org"s manager of research and also curator of nlinux.org Vault. Please visit LoganCulwell.com.