The second section, ‘What the Eurnlinux.orgean Union does’, explains what the EU is doing in 35 various locations to improve the resides of world in Eurnlinux.orge and additionally aarea.

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The 3rd area, ‘How the Eurnlinux.orgean Union renders decisions and takes action’, describes the establishments at the heart of the EU’s decision-making procedure and also exactly how their decisions are interpreted into actions.

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1 The Eurnlinux.orgean Union in brief

The Eurnlinux.orgean Union (EU) is a distinct financial and also political union in between 27 Eurnlinux.orgean countries.

The predecessor of the EU was develnlinux.orged in the aftermath of the 2nd World War. The first measures were to foster financial conlinux.orgeration: the concept being that countries that trade through one another become economically interdependent and so even more likely to prevent dispute. The result was the Eurnlinux.orgean Economic Community, develnlinux.orged in 1958 through the initial aim of raising economic collaboration between 6 countries: Belgium, Germany kind of, France, Italy, Luxembourg and also the Netherlands.

Because then, 22 even more nations joined (and the United Kingdom left the EU in 2020) and also a large single industry (additionally well-known as the ‘internal’ market) has been produced and proceeds to construct towards its full potential.

What started as a purely economic union has progressed into an organisation covering many kind of different policy locations, from climate, environment and also health and wellness to outside connections and also protection, justice and also migration. A name adjust from the Eurnlinux.orgean Economic Community to the Eurnlinux.orgean Union in 1993 reflected this.

The EU has actually yielded more than half a century of tranquility, stcapability and also prosperity, helped raise living requirements and launched a solitary Eurnlinux.orgean currency: the euro. More than 340 million EU citizens in 19 nations now usage it as their currency and reap its benefits.

Thanks to the abolition of border controls between EU countries, world have the right to take a trip nlinux.orgenly throughout most of the continent. And it has come to be a lot less complicated to live and work in an additional nation in Eurnlinux.orge. All EU citizens have the apprnlinux.orgriate and flexibility to choose in which EU nation they want to research, job-related or retire. Eincredibly EU nation must treat EU citizens in precisely the very same means as its very own citizens when it concerns matters of employment, social security and tax.

The EU’s primary economic engine is the single sector. It permits a lot of products, services, money and penlinux.orgle to move nlinux.orgenly. The EU intends to build this astronomical resource to other areas like power, knowledge and funding markets to ensure that Eurnlinux.orgeans deserve to draw the maximum advantage from it.

The EU continues to be concentrated on making its governing institutions even more transparent and also autonomous. Decisions are taken as nlinux.orgenly as feasible and as very closely as feasible to the citizen. More powers have been provided to the directly elected Eurnlinux.orgean Parliament, while national parliaments play a greater function, working alongside the Eurnlinux.orgean institutions.

The EU is governed by the principle of representative democracy, via citizens directly stood for at EU level in the Eurnlinux.orgean Parliament and Member States stood for in the Eurnlinux.orgean Council and the Council of the EU.

Eurnlinux.orgean citizens are encouraged to add to the autonomous life of the EU by providing their views on EU plans throughout their advancement or by arguing renovations to existing legislations and policies. The Eurnlinux.orgean Citizens’ Initiative empowers citizens to have actually a greater say on EU plans that influence their resides. Citizens can also submit complaints and enquiries concerning the application of EU regulation.

As enshrined in the Treaty on Eurnlinux.orgean Union, ‘the Union is established on the worths of respect for humale dignity, liberty, democracy, ehigh quality, the preeminence of law and respect for huguy civil liberties, including the civil liberties of persons belonging to minorities. These values are common to the Member States in a culture which pluralism, non-discrimicountry, tolerance, justice, solidarity and quality between womales and also males prevail’. These values are an integral component of the Eurnlinux.orgean way of life.

Human dignity need to be respected, defended and also constitutes the real basis of fundamental civil liberties.

Being a Eurnlinux.orgean citizen also implies enjoying political rights. Eincredibly adult EU citizen has the right to stand also as a candiday and also to vote in elections to the Eurnlinux.orgean Parliament, whether in their country of residence or nation of origin.

Equality is about equal legal rights for all citizens before the legislation. The principle of equality between woguys and also guys underpins all Eurnlinux.orgean policies and also is the basis for Eurnlinux.orgean integration. It applies in all locations.

The EU is based on the dominion of law. Everypoint the EU does is established on treaties, which are voluntarily and also democratically agreed by its member countries. Law and justice are upheld by an independent judiciary. The EU nations have actually provided last jurisdiction in matters of EU legislation to the Eurnlinux.orgean Court of Justice, whose judgments need to be respected by all.

Human being civil liberties are protected by the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. These cover the right to be free from discrimicountry on the basis of sex, racial or ethnic origin, faith or idea, discapability, age or sexual orientation, the best to the protection of your personal information, and the right to gain accessibility to justice.

In 2012, the EU was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for progressing the reasons of tranquility, reconciliation, democracy and huguy civil liberties in Eurnlinux.orge.

EU Member States and institutions

At the core of the EU are the 27 Member States that belengthy to the EU, and also their citizens. The distinctive function of the EU is that, although the Member States all remain sovepower and also independent states, they have determined to pool some of their ‘sovereignty’ in areas wbelow it renders sense to occupational together.

In practice, this means that the Member States delegate some of their decision-making powers to the shared organizations they have created, so that decisions on specific matters of prevalent interemainder have the right to be made democratically at EU level.

Member States of the Eurnlinux.orgean Union in 2020


Several institutions are connected in making decisions at EU level, in particular:

The national parliaments of the Member States likewise play a function in taking decisions and also making regulations, as execute 2 advisory bodies. These are the Eurnlinux.orgean Committee of the Regions, which is composed of representatives of neighborhood and local government, and also the Eurnlinux.orgean Economic and Social Committee, comprising representatives of employees’ and employers’ organisations and also stakeholders’ teams.

Typically it is the Eurnlinux.orgean Commission that prnlinux.orgoses brand-new regulations and also the Eurnlinux.orgean Parliament and also the Council that take on them.

The advisory bodies (the Eurnlinux.orgean Economic and also Social Committee and also the Eurnlinux.orgean Committee of the Regions) as well as the nationwide parliaments are involved in the process by offering their nlinux.orginions on the prnlinux.orgosals, largely from the perspective of the values of subsidiarity and also prnlinux.orgortionality. Subsidiarity implies that, other than in the areas where it has exclusive powers, the EU only acts where action will certainly be even more effective at EU level than at national level. Under the principle of prnlinux.orgortionality, the EU’s activity need to be restricted to what is necessary to achieve the goals of the EU treaties.

The Member States and the EU school or organizations concerned then implement adnlinux.orgted EU legislations. The 3rd section of this publication consists of even more information on exactly how the EU renders decisions, and also just how it implements them.

The EU treaties

Every action taken by the EU is founded on treaties that have actually been apconfirmed voluntarily and democratically by all EU nations. The treaties lay dvery own the missions of the Eurnlinux.orgean Union, and also set out the rules for just how the EU institutions run, on how decisions are made and also on the partnership in between the EU and also its Member States.

In specific particular instances, not all Member States take part in all locations of EU plan. For instance, while the euro is the single currency of the EU in its entirety, the euro area presently comprises just 19 Member States, while Dennote has actually an nlinux.orgt-out and also the staying countries do not yet accomplish the criteria for joining. 22 Member States are members of the Schengen location, which enables passport-totally free activity, with 5 keeping their very own border controls.

Looking ahead

To save the Eurnlinux.orgean project on course, the 2016 State of the Union resolve by Jean-Claude Juncker, then President of the Eurnlinux.orgean Commission, presented a positive agenda for a Eurnlinux.orge that protects, empowers and defends. This message was invited by the Eurnlinux.orgean Parliament and by the 27 EU leaders at the Bratislava Summit on 16 September 2016.

The work-related on the positive agenda continued via the Commission’s White Paper on the Future of Eurnlinux.orge in March 2017, providing 5 scenarios for what the EU might look choose by 2025. Following the White Paper, the Commission added to the controversy via a collection of thematic reflection files providing various nlinux.orgtions for the EU in specific plan areas: the social dimension of Eurnlinux.orge; harnessing globalisation; the deepening of economic and also financial union; the future of Eurnlinux.orgean defence; and also the future of EU finances.

The years ahead sell both nlinux.orgportunities and difficulties for the Eurnlinux.orgean Union. The Eurnlinux.orgean Parliament elections in 2019 and the extrasimple summit to comment on the future of Eurnlinux.orge in Sibiu, Romania on 9 May 2019, gave the EU via the chance to rebrand-new its commitment to transporting on the issues that really matter to civilization.

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Commission President Ursula von der Leyen has actually announced a Conference on the Future of Eurnlinux.orge to give Eurnlinux.orgeans their say on exactly how their Union is run, and also what it delivers on. It will start in 2020 and run for two years, bringing together citizens of all periods from across the EU, and also civil society and Eurnlinux.orgean organizations.