This guide lists the names, titles, and also pronunciations of a vast array of international leaders from approximately the world. This is not an extensive list; it especially has countries that are critically important to US national security and international policy.

You are watching: National leaders 2015 for baby book

The names and also titles are from the CIA World Fact Book and also recent media sources. Fopower leaders for each country are provided in descending order of potential engagement via US policymakers. Pronunciations are based generally on Voice of America’s pronunciation guide. Upcoming election information has actually likewise been included for positions with booked elections.

Africa

Algeria

Head of State: President Abdelmadjid Tebboune 
TebbouneAmadjid

 (ab-dahl-mah-JEED teh-BOON)

Since: December 12, 2019

Democratic Republic of Congo

Head of State: President Felix Tshisekedi

(fee-LIKS chee-seh-KEH-dee)

Since: January 25, 2019

Next Election: December 2023

Djibouti

Head of State: President Ismail Omar Guelleh 
IsmailOguelleh

(HIHS-mah-ihl OH-mahr GEH-leh)

Since: May 8, 1999

Next Election: April 2021

Head of Government: Prime Minister Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed

(Ab-dool-kaw-der Kah-meel moh-HAH-mehd)

Since: April 1, 2013

Appointed by the president

Egypt

Head of State: President Abdel Fattah el-sisi 
AlsisiOfficial

(AHB-dehl FAH-tah ah-SEE-see)

Since: June 8, 2014

Next Election: March 2024

Head of Government: Prime Minister Dr. Mostafa Madbouly

(mohs-tah-fah mad-BOOL-ee)

Since: June 14, 2018

Appointed by the president

Kenya

Head of State: President Uhuru Kenyatta

(oo-HOO-roo kehn-YAH-tah)

Since: April 9, 2013

Next off Election: August 2022

Libya1

Prime Minister (Government of National Accord): Fayiz al-Saraj

(FAH-yehz al sahr-RAJ)

Since: March 30, 2016

Prime Minister (National Salvation Government): Khalifa al-Ghawil

(kah-LEE-fah al-GAH-weel)

Since: October 14, 2016

Field Marshal (Libyan National Army): Khalifa Haftar

(kah-LEE-fah HAHF-tar)

Since: March 2, 2015

Mali

Head of State: President Ibrahim Boubavehicle Keita

(EE-brah-hihm BOO-bah-kahr KAY-tah)

Since: September 4, 2013

Next off Election: July 2023

Head of Government: Prime Minister Boubou Cisse

(BOO-BOO SEE-say)

Since: April 23, 2019

Appointed by the president

Morocco

Head of State: King Mohammed VI

(moh-HAH-mehd)

Since: July 22, 1999

Head of Government: Prime Minister Saad Eddine al-Othmani

(SAHD eh-DEEN ooth-MAH-nee)

Since: March 17, 2017

Appointed by the king

Niger

Head of State: President Mahamadou Issoufou 
IssoufouMhm

(mah-hah-mah-DOO)

Since: April 7, 2011

Next Election: February 2021

Head of Government: Prime Minister Brigi Rafini

(BREE-ghee RAH-fee-nee)

Since: April 7, 2011

Appointed by the president

Nigeria

Head of State: President Muhammadu Buhari 
MBuhari

(moo-hah-MAH-doo boo-HAH-ree)

Since: May 29, 2015

Next off Election: February 2023

Somalia

Head of State: President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed 
M_Farmaajo

(moh-HAH-mehd ahb-dah-LAH-hee moh-HAH-mehd)

Since: February 16, 2017

Next Election: February 2022

Head of Government: Prime Minister Mohamed Hussein Roble
MohamedHRoble

(moh-HAH-mehd hoo-SAYN roW-BLAY)

Since: September 27, 2020

Appointed by the president

Tunisia

Head of State: President Kais Saied

(KAY-ees SIGH-eed)

Since: October 23, 2019

Next off Election: 2024

Head of Government: Hichem Mechichi

(ee-SHEM meck-e-CHEE)

Due to the fact that September 2, 2020

Appointed by the president

Rwanda

Head of State: President Paul Kagame 
PaulKagame

(PAWL kah-GAH-meh)

Since: March 24, 2000

Next off Election: August 2024

South Africa 

Head of State: President Cyril Ramaphosa 
CyrilRamaphosa

(SIH-rehl rah-mah-POH-sah)

Since: February 15, 2018

Next off Election: May 2024

South Sudan2

Head of State: President Salva Kiir Mayardit

(SAHL-vah KEER M-EYE-ahr-diht)

Since: July 23, 2016

Next Election: July 2021

First Vice President: Riek Machar

(ree-EHK mah-SHAHR)

Since: February 22, 2020

Appointed by the president

Sudan3

Chairmale of the Sovereignty Council: Abdel Fattah al-Burhan

(AHB-dehl FAH-tah al-BOOR-han)

Since: August 20, 2019

Zimbabwe

Head of State: President Emmerkid Dambudzo Mnangagwa 
edmnangagwa

(EHM-ehr-sohn muh-nahn-GAHG-wah)

Since: November 24, 2017

Next Election: July 2023

Asia 

Afghanistan4

Head of State: President Ashraf Ghani 
ashrafghani

(ahsh-RAHF gah-NEE)

Since: September 21, 2014

Chairmale of the High Council for National Reconciliation: Dr. Abdullah Abdullah 
DrabdullahCE

(ahb-DUH-LAH ahb-DUH-LAH)

Since: September 29, 2014 (formerly the Chief Executive Officer)

Appointed by the president in May 2020

Bangladesh

Head of State: President Abdul Hamid

(ahb-DUHL hah-MEED)

Since: April 24, 2013

Head of Government: Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina

(SHAYK hah-SEE-nah)

Since: January 6, 2009

Burma (Myanmar)

Head of Government: Acting President U Myint Swe

(Ooh MYE-unt sWEE)

Since: February 1, 2021

Promoted by Myanmar military 5

China

Head of State: President Xi Jinping

(SHEE JEEN-PEENG)

Since: November 15, 2012

Next off Election: March 2023

Hong Kong6

Head of Government: Chief Executive Carrie Lam

(KAYE-ee LAM)

Since: July 1, 2017

Next off Election: 2022

Head of State: President Xi Jinping

(SHEE JEEN-PEENG)

Since: November 15, 2012

Next Election: March 2023

India

Head of Government: Prime Minister Narendra Modi 
narendramodi

(nah-REHN-drah MOH-DEE)

Since: May 26, 2014

Next off Election: May 2024

Head of State: President Ram Nath Kovind 
rashtrapatibhvn

(raum nath Koh-vihnd)

Since: July 25, 2017

Next off Election: July 2022

Japan

Head of Government: Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga 

(yo-shee HEE-dei SHOO-guh)

Since: September 16, 2020

Next off Election: October 22, 2021

Elected by Liberal Democratic Party Ministers

Head of State: Emperor Naruhito

(Nar-rooh-HE-tow)

Since: May 1, 2019

North Korea

Head of State: Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un

(KIHM JAWNG-UHN)

Since: December 30, 2011

Pakistan

Head of Government: Prime Minister Imran Khan 
ImranKhanPTI

(ihm-RAHN KAHN)

Since: August 18, 2018

Next Election: October 12, 2023

Head of State: President Arif Alvi 
ArifAlvi

(AH-rihf AL-vee)

Since: September 9, 2018

Appointed by the Electoral College

Philippines

Head of State: President Rodrigo Duterte

(roe - DREE - go doo - TARE - tay)

Since: June 30, 2016

Next off Election: May 9, 2022

South Korea 

Head of State: President Moon Jae-in 
moonriver365

(MOON JAAH IHN)

Since: May 10, 2017

Next off Election: March 2022

Taiwan

Head of State: President Tsai Ing-wen 
iingwen

((t)S-EYE EENG WUHN)

Since: May 20, 2016

Next Election: January 11, 2024

Australia/Oceana

Australia

Head of Government: Prime Minister Scott Morrison 
ScottMorrisonMP

Since: August 24, 2018

Next off Election: May 2022

Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II

Since: February 6, 1952

New Zealand

Head of Government: Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern 
jacindaardern

(Jah-sin-da Ar-durn)

Since: October 26, 2017

Next off Election: January 13, 2024

Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II

Since: February 6, 1952

Europe

Denmark

Head of Government: Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen

(MAY-tah Fred-er-rik-son)

Since: June 27, 2019

Next off Election: June 2023 (based upon an ability to attain majority assistance in parliament)

Head of State: Queen Margrethe II

(mahr-GREHT-eh)

Since: January 14, 1972

Estonia

Head of State: President Kersti Kaljulaid 
KerstiKaljulaid

(Keer-stee Kal-YU-layd)

Since: October 10, 2016

Next off Election: October 2021

France 

Head of Government: President Emmanuel Macron 
EmmanuelMacron

(E-man-yoo-ell Ma-crohn)

Since: May 14, 2017

Next off Election: April 2022

Head of State: Prime Minister Jean Castex

 (j-AHN KAST-ex)

Since: July 3, 2020

Appointed by the president

Georgia

Head of State: President Salome Zourabichvili 
Zourabichvili_S

(SAH-loh-may zoo-rah-BEESH-vee-lee)

Since: December 16, 2018

Next Election: November 2024

Germany

Head of Government: Chancellor Angela Merkel

(ahn-GAY-lah M-AIR-kl)

Since: November 22, 2005

Next Election: October 2021

Head of State: Federal President Frank-Wtransform Steinmeier

(FRAHNK VAHL-tehr SHT-EYE-N-m-eye-her)

Since: March 19, 2017

Next Election: February 2022

Greece

Head of Government: Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis 
kmitsotakis

(kee-ree-AH-kohss meet-soh-TAH-kees)

Since: July 8, 2019

Head of State: President Katerina Sakellaropoulou 
PresidencyGR

(kah-tayr-EEN-uh SAH-keh-lar-oh-poo-loh)

Since: March 13, 2020

Next off Election: February 2025

Divine See (Vatideserve to City) 

Head of State (Supreme Pontiff): Pope Francis 
Pontifex

Since: March 13, 2013

Hungary

Head of Government: Prime Minister Viktor Orban

(VIHK-tohr OHR-bahn)

Since: May 29, 2010

Next off Election: April 2022

Head of State: President Janos Ader

(YAH-noosh AHD-air)

Since: May 10, 2012

Next off Election: March 2022

Ireland 

Head of Government: Prime Minister (Taoiseach) Micheál Martin

(MAI-kuhl MAAR-tn)

Since: June 27, 2020

Elected by Dáil Éireann

Head of State: President Michael Daniel Higgins

Since: September 11, 2011

Next off Election: October 2025

Italy

Head of Government: Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte 
GiuseppeConteIT

(Jee-u-zeh-peh Kon-te)

Since: June 1, 2018

Next off Election: May 2022

Head of State: President Sergio Mattarella

(ser-gih-oh mat-tah-rel-lah)

Since: February 3, 2015

Next Election: January 2022

Latvia

Head of State: President Egils Levits 
valstsgriba

(EHG-eehls LEH-vitss)

Since: July 8, 2019

Next Election: 2023

Head of Government: Prime Minister Krisjanis Karins 
krisjaniskarins

(KRIS-chn KOOR-inss)

Since: January 23, 2019

Next Election: October 2022

Lithuania 

Head of State: President Gitanas Nauseda

(gee-TAH-nahss NOH-seh-duh)

Since: July 12, 2019

Next Election: May 2024

Head of Government: Prime Minister Ingrida Šimonytė
IngridaSimonyte

(in-GRIDA sh-MO-NEE-tay)

Since: November 25, 2020

Next off Election: October 6, 2024

Poland

Head of State: President Andrzej Duda

(awn-jay doo-duh)

Since: August 6, 2015

Next Election: 2025

Head of Government: Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki 
MorawieckiM

(Mah-tey-oosh More-ah-vyets-kee)

Since: December 11, 2017

Russia

Head of State: President Vladimir Putin

(vlah-DEE-meer POO-tihn)

Since: May 7, 2012

Next Election: 20367

Head of Government: Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin

(mihk-EYE-el mee-SHOO-stihn)

Since: January 16, 2020

Spain

Head of Government: President Pedro Sanchez Perez-Castejon 
sanchezcastejon

(Pey-dro San-chez)

Since: June 2, 2018

Next Election: November 2023

Head of State: King Felipe VI

(fay-LEE-pay)

Since: June 19, 2014

Ukraine

Head of State: President Volodymry Zelensky 
ZelenskyyUa

(VOH-loh-dee-meer zeh-LEHN-skee)

Since: March 4, 2020

Next Election: March 2024

Head of Government: Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal

(DEH-niss SHMOOY-hahl)

Since: March 4, 2020

United Kingdom 

Head of Government: Prime Minister Boris Johnson 
BorisJohnson

Since: July 24, 2019

Next off Election: May 2024

Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II

Since: February 6, 1952

Center East 

Bahrain

Head of State: King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa

(HAH-mahd bihn EE-sah al-kah-LEE-fah)

Since: March 6, 1969

Head of Government: Prime Minister Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa 
HRH_Khalifa

(EE-sah bihn SAL-mahn al kah-LEE-fah)

Since: January 19, 1969

Iran

Head of Government: President Hasan Fereidun Rohani 
HassanRouhani

(hah-SAHN roh-hah-NEE)

Since: August 3, 2013

Next Election: June 2021

Head of State: Supreme Leader (Ayatollah) Ali Hoseini-Khamenei

(eye-ah-toh-LAH ah-LEE hah-mehn-a-EE)

Since: June 4, 1989

Iraq

Head of Government: Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi 
MAKadhimi

(MOO-stah-fah ahl-KAH-deh-mee)

Since: April 9, 2020

Next Election: October 2022

Head of State: President Barham Salih 
BarhamSalih

(BAHR-hahm SAH-leh)

Since: October 2, 2018

Next off Election: October 2022

Israel

Head of State: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu 
netanyahu

(BEHN-juh-min neht-an-YAH-hoo)

Since: March 31, 2009

Next off Election: 20218

Head of Government: President Reuben Rivlin 
PresidentRuvi

(ROO-vihn RIHV-lihn)

Since: July 24, 2014

Next Election: 2021

Jordan

Head of State: King Abdullah II 
KingAbdullahII

(ahb-DUHL-lah)

Since: February 7, 1999

Head of Government: Prime Minister Bisher Al-Khasawneh
BisherKhasawneh

(BISH-er al-KAH-sahn-e)

Since: October 12, 2020

Appointed by the King

Kuwait

Head of State: Amir Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah

(nuh-WAF al-ah-mud al-JAH-ber al-sah-BAH)

Since: September 30, 2020

Head of Government: Prime Minister Sabah Al-Khalid Al-Sabah

(sah-BAH al- KAH-lehd ah-sah-BAH)

Since: November 19, 2019

Lebanon

Head of Government: Prime Minister Hassan Diab9

(HAHSS-uhn dee-AHB)

Since: January 21, 2020

Appointed by the president

Head of State: President Michel Aoun 
General_Aoun

(MEE-shehl ah-OON)

Since: October 31, 2016

Next Election: April 2022

Qatar

Head of State: Amir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani 
TamimBinHamad

(TAH-MEEM BIHN HAH-mahd al TAH-nee)

Since: June 25, 2013

Saudi Arabia

Head of State: King Salaman bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud 
KingSalman

(SAHL-mun BIN AH-bihd al ah-ZEES al-sah-OOD)

Since: January 23, 2015

Designated Successor: Crvery own Prince Muhammad Bin Salman bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud

(moh-HAH-mehd BIN SAHL-mun)

Since: June 21, 2017

Syria 

Head of State: President Bashar al-Assad

(bah-SHAHR ahl AH-sahd)

Since: July 17, 2000

Turkey 

Head of State: President Recep Tayyip Erdogan10 
RTErdogan

(eh-JEHP t-eye-YIHP ERR-doh-ahn)

Since: August 28, 2014

Next Election: June 2023

United Arab Emirates 

Head of State: President Khalida bin Zayid Al Nuhayyan

(kah-LEE-fah bihn ZAH-yehd al-nah-hah-YAHN)

Since: November 3, 2004

Head of Government: Prime Minister Vice President Muhammad Bin Rashid Al-Maktoum 
HHShkMohd

(muh-HAH-mehd bihn rah-SHEED al mahk-TOOM)

Since: January 5, 2006

West Bank11

President Mahmoud Abbas12

(mah-MOOD ah-BAHS)

Since: January 15, 2005

Yemen

Head of State: President Abd Rabuh Mansur Hadi 
HadiPresident

(AH-bd RAH-boh mahn-SOOR HAD-ee)

Since: February 27, 2012

The United States and Canada / Central America 

Canada

Head of Government: Prime Minister Justin Pierre James Trudeau 
JustinTrudeau

(Justin TROO-doh)

Since: November 4, 2015

Next off Election: October 16, 2023

Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II

Since: February 6, 1952

Cuba

Head of the Communist Party of Cuba: First Secretary Raul Castro

(Rah-ool KASS-troh)

Since: April 19, 2018

Next Election: March 2023

Head of State: President Miguel Diaz-Canel Bermudez 
DiazCanelB

(mee-GAYL DEE-ahss Kah-nel)

Since: April 19, 2018

Appointed by the National Assembly

El Salvador

Head of State: President Nayib Bukele 
nayibbukele

(nay-YEEB BOO-kay-lay)

Since: June 1, 2019

Next off Election: February 2024

Guatemala

Head of State: President Alejandro Giammattei
DrGiammattei

(a-LAH-HAN-dro gee-AH-MAH-tay)

Since: January 14, 2020

Next Election: June 2023

Haiti

Head of State: President Jovenel Moise

(JOH-veh-nehl MOYS)

Since: February 7, 2017

Head of Government: Prime Minister Jospeh Jouthe 
moisejovenel

(ZHOH-sehf JOWTH)

Since: March 4, 2020

Honduras

Head of State: President Juan Orlando Hernandez 
JuanOrlandoH

(HWAHN ohr-LAHN-doh air-NAHN-dehs)

Since: January 27, 2014

Next off Election: November 2021

Mexico

Head of State: President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador 
lopezobrador_

(ahn-DRAYS mahn-WEHL LOH-pehss oh-brah-DOOR)

Since: December 1, 2018

Next Election: July 2024

Nicaragua

Head of State: President Daniel Ortega 

(dahn-YEHL ohr-TAY-gah)

Since: February 7, 1999

Next Election: November 2021

South America 

Argentina

Head of State: President Alberto Fernández 
alferdez

(ahl-BEHR-toh fehr-NAHN-dess)

Since: December 10, 2019

Next off Election: October 2023

Bolivia

Head of State: President Luis Arce
LuchoXBolivia

(loo-EES AAR-sei)

Since: November 8, 2020

Next Election: Postponed due to COVID-19

Brazil

Head of State: President Jair Messias Bolsonaro

(jY-Ear Meh-CE-ASS Bol-SOO-naro)

Since: January 1, 2019

Next off Election: October 2022

Chile

Head of State: President Sebastian Pinera 
sebastianpinera

(seh-bahst-YEHN peen-YEH-rah)

Since: March 11, 2018

Next Election: November 2021

Colombia

Head of State: President Ivan Duque Marquez 
IvanDuque

(EYE-vun DOO-keh maar-kehz)

Since: August 7, 2018

Next off Election: May 2022

Peru

Head of State: President Francisco Sagasti
FSagasti

(Fran-cis-koh Sah-gahs-t)

Since: November 17, 2020

Next Election: April 2021

Venezuela

Head of State (Recognized as such by the USA and also others): Interim President Juan Guaido13 
jguaido

(Juan gwy-DOH)

Since: January 10, 2019

Next off Election: May 202414

Head of State and also Government: President Nicolas Maduro 
NicolasMaduro

(nee-koh-LAHS mah-DOO-roh)

Since: April 19, 2013

Next Election: May 202415

Multilateral Organizations

Internationwide Monetary Fund

Managing Director: Kristalina Georgieva 
KGeorgieva

(kriss-tuh-LEE-nuh Gor-ghee-ava)

Since: September 15, 2019

Next Election: 2024

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

Secretary General: Jens Stoltenberg 
jensstoltenberg

(YEHNS STOHL-tehn-behrk)

Since: October 1, 2014

United Nations

Secretary General: António Guterres

(ahn-TOHN-yoo goo-TEH-rehsh)

Since: January 1, 2017

Next off Election: March 2022

World Bank

President: David Malpass 
DavidMalpassWBG

(David Mal-pass)

Since: April 9, 2019

Next off Appointment: February 2024

World Health Organization

Director-General: Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus
DrTedros

(TED-rohs AD-ih-nom GEH-bree-AY-suhs)

Since: July 1, 2017

Next off Appointment: July 2022


Endnotes

Libya is suffering an continuous problem among rival factions seeking to control the country. Main belligerents include the Libyan National Military, the Government of National Accord (known as the official federal government by the United Nations), and also the National Salvation Government.

South Sudan currently has a power sharing agreement in which President Salva Kiir and also Riek Machar, the leader of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement in Opplace and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army-In Opposition, agreed to form a transitional federal government making Machar the First Vice President. 

In August 2019, the army council and civilian opposition alliance developed the Sovereignty Council. General Abd-al-Fatah al-Burhan Abd-al-Rahmale chairs the council, which is composed of 6 civilians and also 5 generals. The Sovereignty Council is currently led by the army yet is intended to shift to civilian management in May 2021 when elections deserve to be hosted.

In May 2020, Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah agreed to a power sharing agreement that allows Ghani to remajor president and renders Abdullah in charge of negotiating the Afghan government’s tranquility resolve the Taliban, with both sides appointing 50% of the cabinet.

On February 1, 2021, the Myanmar army arrested State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi and also other senior political leaders in the time of a coup d’etat. Shortly after the arrests, Army commander-in-chief Min Aung Hlaing advocated Vice-President Myint Swe to acting president.

China considers Hong Kong to be under Chinese sovereignty according to the Sino-British Joint Declaration. The United Kingdom and China signed this treaty on December 19, 1984 in Beijing. The Declaration claims that the sovereign and governmental arrangement of Hong Kong would certainly be transferred to China after July 1, 1997.

A constitutional referendum was organized in Russia, which finished on July 1, 2020. This referendum extfinished Vladimir Putin’s term as president until 2036.

On May 20, 2020, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Blue and White party leader Benny Gantz signed an agreement on the formation of a national emergency federal government in which Netanyahu continues as prime minister for 18 months, upon which Gantz will certainly rearea him for the following 18 months.

Due to the fact that submitting his resignation on August 10, 2020, Diab has offered as Caretaker Prime Minister until his follower creates a brand-new government.

A 2017 constitutional referendum eliminated the prime minister place. Recep Tayyip Erdogan has been thought about head of federal government because July 9, 2019.

As listed by the CIA World Factbook.

Since 2007, the Palestinian Authority has administered components of the West Bank under its regulate, greatly the major Palestinian populace centers and areas immediately surrounding them.

Venezuela is currently experiencing a presidential crisis (as of June 14, 2019), which might impact projected election days.

See more: Why Does Windows Movie Maker Lower Quality, : Videoediting

Venezuela is currently suffering a presidential crisis (as of June 14, 2019), which may affect projected election dates.