Land Features

Continent - Large consistent area of land also on the earths surconfront mostly surrounded by water.

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Island - Body of land also smaller than a continent that is surrounded by water. (Greenland is the biggest island).

Isthmus - Narrow area of land also connecting 2 larger land also locations, surrounded on two sides by water.

Peninsula - Exstress and anxiety of land also surrounded on three sides by water.

Mountain Range - Continuous chain or series of hills.

Plain - Large, low, flat area of land also.

Plateau - Large location that is high and also fairly level.

Butte - Isolated hill through steep sides, smaller than a plateau. Commjust uncovered in the southwestern United States.

Mesa - Similar to a plateau, yet smaller in size: Flat on optimal, cliffs on the sides.

Valley - Low area of land also lying between hills of mountains.

Ice Cap - Large location of ice several thousand feet thick spanning either land also or water.

Water Features

Ocean - Large body of salt water primarily bounded by continental land masses.

Sea - Body of water smaller sized than an sea lying within a continent or island also group.

Gulf - Large area of water partly surrounded by land.

Channel - Narrow body of water lying between 2 areas of land.

Bay - Small location of water surrounded by land on three sides and also penetrating into the land also.

Lake - Smaller body of fresh water surrounded by land also.

Strait - Similar to channel.

Submarine Features

Basin - Large circular depression on the ocean floor, mostly 10,000 to 20,000 feet listed below sea level.

Ridge - Submerged hill chain. The largest are the mid sea ridges which join together to develop a function 40,000 miles lengthy.

Rift - Sometimes discovered on the cremainder of a Ridge.

Rise - A big elongated elevation lake a ridge however having actually much less steep slopes.

Trench - Long and also narrow V-shaped depressions often found near a contnent or on the outside of island also arcs.

Fracture Zone - Zones of irconsistent topography thousands of miles lengthy and around 100 miles wide, which sepaprice huge areas of the sea floor having actually various depths or forms of topography.

Continental Shelf - Shallow marine terrace bordering the continents. The shelf deepens slowly to a depth of 600 feet around 50 miles from shore where a sudden rise in slope angle marks the peak of the Continental Slope.

Continental Slope - Slope from the external edge of the Continental Shelf to the ocean basin.

Submarine Canyon - Steep-sided gorge reduced right into the Continental Slope and also Shelf thmust be reduced by underwater flows of sediment referred to as Turbidity Currents.

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Seamount - Subcombined mountain, primarily of volcanic origin, having at least 500 fathoms (3000 feet) of relief. Some seamounts, referred to as guyots, have actually level tops. They are subcombined volcanic islands which had their tops smoothed by surf and also erosion while they were over the surface.