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Japanese Grammar: Expressing Desire in Japanese Part 2 – Review Notes

Last time, we learned just how to say I want (something) in Japanese. Today we will certainly learn just how to say I want to perform (something) in Japanese! (◕ω

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Two means to Express Desire in Japanese

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★ As we learned last time, tright here are two ways to express desire in Japanese!

★ Last time we learned how to say I want ___ which is used just through nouns (objects)! If you missed our last grammar lesson, click here!

★ Today we will learn just how to say I want to do ___ which is supplied with verbs (actions)!

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★ When you desire to say that you desire to carry out something (action/verb) you should include 〜たい (tai) to the stem of the masu-verb.

★ To obtain the stem of a masu-verb, just take off ます (masu).

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★ For instance, the stem of the verb 食べます (tabemasu) – to eat – is 食べ (tabe).

★ If you add たい (tai) to the verb stem, you get 食べたい (tabetai) – desire to eat.

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Examples:

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ケーキが食べたいです。

Kēki ga tabetai desu.

I desire to eat cake.

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日本に行きたいです。

Nihon ni ikitai desu.

I want to go to Japan.

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Talking About Other People’s Desires

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★ Similar to we learned last time through ほしい (hoshii), if you desire to expush somebody else’s desires, you have to say it differently.

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★ Instead of adding 〜たい (tai) to the verb stem, you must add たがっている (tagatteiru) or the more formal version たがっています (tagatteimasu) to the verb stem.

★ The factor is bereason only oneself can ever really recognize what he/she really wants. Adding -gatteiru adds a layer of uncertainty and is therefore supplied once talking around someone else’s wants.

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Examples:

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彼はケーキを食べたがっています。

Kare wa kēki o tabetagatteimasu.

He wants to eat cake.

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彼女は日本に行きたがっています。

Kanojo wa nihon ni ikitagatteimasu.

She wants to go to Japan.

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A few words on Particles

★ When using 〜たい (tai) in a sentence, the direct object marker を (o) deserve to be reput via the subject marker が (ga).

★ For instance, the 2 sentences below suppose the very same thing.

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Using straight object marker を (o):

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ジュースを飲みたいです。

Jūsu o nomitai desu.

I want to drink juice.

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Using subject marker が (ga):

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ジュースが飲みたいです。

Jūsu ga nomitai desu.

I desire to drink juice.

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★ When using たがっています (tagatteimasu) in a sentence, the direct object particle を (o) have the right to not be reinserted with が (ga).

★ Other pposts are used as normal. For example, in the sentence 日本に行きたいです (nihon ni ikitai desu) – I want to go to Japan – the direction ppost ni is used.

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Other forms; conjugations of 〜たい

★ If you want to adjust to previous tense or negative, たい (tai) is conjugated simply like an i-adjective. Here is a quick referral to some of the conjugations utilizing the instance 食べたい (want to eat):

Past Affirmative: wanted to eat

食べたかった (tabetakatta)

Present Negative: don’t desire to eat

食べたくない (tabetakunai) 

Past Negative: didn’t want to eat

食べたくなかった (tabetakunakatta)

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☆Further Example Sentences☆

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今日は早く寝たいです。

Kyō wa hayaku netai desu.

I want to go to sleep beforehand today.

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日本語を勉強したいです。

Nihongo o benkyō shitai desu.

I want to examine Japanese.

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買い物に行きたいです。

Kaimono ni ikitai desu.

I want to go shopping.

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映画を見たいです。

Eiga o mitai desu.

I desire to watch a movie.

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Conclusion:

Today we learned just how to say I want to carry out (something) in Japanese!

If you still didn’t watch our last grammar lesboy, click here to learn how to expush desire for an object in Japanese! (◕ω◕)♪

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Get Japanese dictionary!

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Do you want to know the majority of Japanese words? I recommend you to get a dictionary!

If you have dictionary, you can constantly look up brand-new Japanese words(◕ω◕)/♥

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See more: Can You Start A Sentence With Having, Start Sentence With Having

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