("To be" is the really common verb that lets us say that "he is in the hot air balloon", or "they are wonderful socks", or "I am a snappy dresser".)


The two creates of "to be" in Spanish are Ser and also Estar

I'll define as soon as to usage each one in a minute, yet initially let's view what they look prefer. Here's exactly how to say "I am...", "you are...", "they are..." etc, utilizing both ser and also estar.


When to usage "ser"

You'll use words from the "ser" column as soon as you're talking about long-term says or features.

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Our girl María is smart. Not just now, yet all the time. So we use ser, bereason we're talking around a permanent characteristic.

Likewise, Jose is going to remain an architect, I'm going to continue to be tall, and I will certainly always be brothers with my brother. So in all these instances you would usage ser

But as soon as I'm talking about my frifinish who is in the warm air balloon (a distinctly non-irreversible situation) I would usage estar rather.

When to usage "estar"

Estar (and also its assorted forms) is offered once talking about something that is a non-permanent state or area.


All of these instances are not permanent states or qualities, so we use estar. Maria has been well in the past and will hopefully get better, so that's not permanent. Juan isn't nailed to his floorboards, so that's not irreversible either.

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In certain, you would certainly always use estar once you're talking around someone being at a specific location — because human being can and also do relocate around!


If you use ser, then Maria is a pretty girl in general. If you usage estar, it can be because she's dressed up for a party. One is a permanent characteristic, and the various other is a short-lived state.


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