Introduction

When solid solute (substance or particles) and liquid solvent are combined, the just feasible reactions are dissolution and also crystallization.

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Dissolution is the disresolving process of the solid solute. Crystallization is the opposite, causing the solid solute to remajor undissolved.

Types of Saturation

Kinds of Saturation Definition
Saturated Solution A solution via solute that dissolves until it is unable to disdeal with anymore, leaving the unliquified substances at the bottom.
Unsaturated Solution A solution (via less solute than the saturated solution) that completely dissolves, leaving no remaining substances.
Supersaturated Solution A solution (with more solute than the saturated solution) that contains even more unliquified solute than the saturated solution bereason of its tendency to crystallize and precipitate.
Example 1: Saturated Systems

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Example 1: Above is shown an example of a saturated solution. In Figure 1.1-1.3, there is a continuous amount of water in all the beakers. Figure 1.1 mirrors the start of the saturation procedure, in which the solid solute starts to disdeal with (represented by red arrows). In the following beaker, Figure 1.2, a lot of the solid solute has actually liquified, however not completely, because the procedure of crystallization (stood for by blue arrows) has actually begun. In the last beaker, Figure 1.3, just a tiny amount of the solute solvent continues to be undissolved. In this process, the price of the crystallization is faster than the price of dissolution, causing the amount of dissolved to be less than the amount crystallized.

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Example 2: Unsaturated Systems

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Example 2: Next off, an unsaturated solution is taken into consideration. In Figure 2.1-2.3, there is a continuous amount of water in all the beakers. Figure 2.1 reflects the start of the process, in which solid solute is start to dissettle (represented by red arrows). In the following beaker, displayed in Figure 2.2, a big amount of solute has actually liquified. The size of the red arrows are a lot larger than those of the blue arrows, which implies that the rate of dissolution is much higher than price of crystallization. In the last beaker, shown in Figure 2.3, the solute solvent has actually completely dissolved in the liquid solvent.