Merchant of Venice Act 1, Scene 3 Modern English Translation Meaning Annotations – ICSE Class 10 & 9 English

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Original TextAct I Scene III

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Modern English ReadingAct I Scene III

SHYLOCK : Three thousand also ducats; right?

BASSANIO : Yes, sir, for three months.

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SHYLOCK : For three months; right?

BASSANIO : For which, as I told you, Antonio shall be obligated.

SHYLOCK : Antonio shall be obligated; right?

BASSANIO : Will you assist me? Will you make me happy? Can I understand youranswer?

SHYLOCK : Three thousand also dollars, for three months, and Antonio obligated.

BASSANIO : Your answer to that.

SHYLOCK : Antonio is a good man.

BASSANIO : Have you heard any tip to the contrary?

Word Meaning With Annotation

Ducats : There were gold ducats and also silver ducats at the moment with which the play deals, bound : Antonio shall be legally responsible for the repayment. Antonio is a great male : “dependable in financial dealings.”

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Modern English Reading

SHYLOCK : Hey, no, no, no, no: my interpretation in saying he is an excellent manis to have actually you understand also me, that he is sufficiently credit-worthy, yet his money is all tied up: he has actually a big seller ship going to Tripoli, one more to the Indies; I understand, moreover, in the Market place,he has actually a third to Mexico, a fourth to England also, and also other ventures he has actually wasted awide. But ships are only boards of wood, sailors onlymen; tbelow are land-rats and also water rats, land-thieves and water-thieves,—I mean piprices,—and then there is the risk of waters, winds, and rocks. The male is, in spite of all this, sufficiently crmodify worthy. Three thousand also dollars -1 think I may take his promise to pay.

BASSANIO : Be assured you may.

SHYLOCK : I’11 be assured that I may; and, that I may be assured, Iwill think it over. May I speak via Antonio?

BASSANIO : If it pleases you to dine with us.

SHYLOCK : Yes, to smell pork; to eat in the temple that your prophet, the Nazarene, conjured the evil one right into. I’ll buy through you, market through you, talk with you, walk with you, and so following; however I’ll not eat through you, drink with you, nor pray through you. What’s the news in the Marketplace? Who’s coming here? Go into Antonio.

BASSANIO : This is Mr. Antonio.

Word Meaning With Annotation

Sufficient : satisfactory as security, his indicates are in supposition : his fortune might be meant topic to the dangers and failures of service, he hath an argosy bound to Tripolis : It matters bit whether Shakespeare was reasoning of Tripoli in North Africa, or Tripolis in Syria. Indies : the West Indies close to Central America. Rialto : this was the name of the business quarters of Venice, squandered : sent out forth; scattered, the man is not with standing enough : nevertheless the male Antonio is satisfactory as security, yes, to smell pork; to eat of the habitation which your prophet, the Nazarite, conjured the adversary into! I will certainly buy with you, sell through you, talk through you, walk via you, and so following; yet I will not eat with you, drink via you, nor pray through you : tright here is a story in the Scriptures of Christ (the Nazarite) compelling certain evil spirits to come out of 2 males, whose bodies*they had actually gone into. Then the evil spirits asked Christ to allow them to enter right into the bodies of a herd of swine, and He permitted them to do so. This is what Shylock refers to; by “habitation” he indicates the body of the swine. The Jews look upon pork as an unclean and prohibited food. We see in this speech the character of Shylock. He is proud of his race and also his religion, and also determined not to break any kind of of his spiritual observances to please the hated Christian. Yet he has actually the shrewd commonsense of a businessguy, and also is willing to mix via Christians and carry out business with them, as lengthy as tright here is profit to be made. He uses the title “prophet” for Christ, since the Jews do not recognise Him as the child of God.

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Modern English Reading

SHYLOCK : He looks like a flattering taxation collector! I hate him because he is a Christian; But even more, bereason, in his low simplicity, He lends out money complimentary, and also brings down The rate of interest with us right here in Venice. If I deserve to capture him when at a disadvantage ,IT1 feed the prehistoric grudge I bear him until it’s fat. He hates our sacred nation; and also he aboffers me, Even tright here wbelow merchants congregate most of the moment, Insulting me, my bargains, and my well-won success, Which he calls interest. Cursed be my tribe of Israel If I forgive him!

BASSANIO : Shylock, execute you hear me?

SHYLOCK : I am debating about my current monies, And, by the nearemainder guess, I remember that I cannot instantly raise up the totality amount of 3 thousand ducats. What about that? Tubal, a affluent Hebrew of my tribe, Will supply me. But wait! How many kind of months perform you want? Relax, good sir; We were simply talking about you.

Word Meaning With Annotation

Fawning publihave the right to : ‘ fawning ” usually indicates “servile” or “cringing” and also tbelow appears no factor why such a term must be applied to Antonio. It is Shylock’s bitter hatred which makes him look on Antonio’s mood of melancholy in this light. The term “publican” was provided in the new Testament via extremely much the exact same definition as “a low caste man” or “an untouchable”. low simplicity : stupid ignorance, usance : profit derived from money lending. If I have the right to catch him when upon the hip : To have actually a guy “on the hip,” expected to have actually secured such a hold on him that he could easily be thrown to the ground. I will certainly feed fat the primitive grudge I bear him : I will gratify completely the old grievance I have actually against him. He hates our sacred country, and he rails, Even tbelow where sellers a lot of perform congregate, On me, my bargains, and also my well-won thrift,Which he calls interemainder : In the time of Shakespeare, the modem device of banks was much from appealing. The lfinishing of money remained in the hands of private people,and there was no restriction on the rate of interest which they can charge. The Jews were foremany in amassing wealth by this indicates, and also they had the reputation of being grasping and mercimuch less creditors, rails : offer abusage. Well-won thrift : well-deoffered profits. I am debating of : I am calculating, gross : the complete amount. a rich Hebrew of my people : the Jews were divided right into twelve people, descended from the twelve kids of Israel, your worship : “Your honour.”

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Modern English Reading

ANTONIO : Shylock, although I don’t lfinish or borrow By taking or by providing excess money, Still, to supply the immediate desires of my friend, I’ll break a tradition. Does he understand How much you want?

SHYLOCK : Yes, yes, three thousand also ducats.

ANTONIO : And for 3 months.

SHYLOCK : I had actually forgotten; 3 months; you told me so. Well then, your promise to pay; and also, let me watch. But listen, I believed you sassist you don’t lend or borrow By charging interemainder.

ANTONIO : I never charge interest.

SHYLOCK : When Jacob grazed his uncle Laban’s lamb,—This Jacob was the son of our holy Abraham, As his wise mother shelp he was, The third possessor; yes, he was the 3rd.

ANTONIO : And what about him? Did he charge interest?

Word Meaning With Annotation

Albeit : although, by taking, nor by offering of excess : by taking from my debtors anything in excess of the sum I have actually lent to them, nor by offering any kind of such amount to my creditors, ripe : immediate, prompt attention, so Bassanio’s needs call for an instant loan. I’ll break a tradition : I shall decomponent from my practice, and also offer you interest on this loan, is he yet possess’d, just how a lot you would certainly : Is he mindful yet of the amount you want? upon advantage : via the usual interest, grazed : ‘Led out to pasture’, the third possessor : the 3rd heir to the household chateaus.

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Modern English Reading

SHYLOCK : No, not charge interest; not, as you would certainly say, Directly charge interest; listen to what Jacob did. When Laban and also he agreed That all the lambs which were streaked and also multicolored Should be given to Jacob, the ewes, being divided, Were bred with the rams at the finish of autumn; And simply as soon as the rams and also the ewes Were in the act of procreation, The skilful shepherd peeled particular sticks, And, at the minute of mating, He stuck them up prior to the fat ewes, Who, then conceiving, did in lambing time Gave birth to multicolored lambs, and also those were Jacob’s. This was a way to flourish, and also he was blest; And great luck is blessing, if men don’t steal it.

ANTONIO : This was an enterprise, sir, that Jacob operated for; A point that was not in his power to lug to pass, But swayed and also fashioned by the hand also of heaven. Are you informing me this to make interemainder good? Or is your gold and silver ewes and rams?

SHYLOCK : I cannot tell; I make it breed as fast as ewes and also rams. But listen to me, sir.

ANTONIO : Pay attention, Bassanio, The devil- can cite Scripture for his objective. An evil soul developing holy witness is favor a villain with a smiling cheek, A great apple rotten at the heart. Oh, what a great outside lying has!

SHYLOCK : Three thousand ducats; it’s a good round sum. Three months from twelve; then let me watch the rate.

Word Meaning With Annotation

Were compromised : had agreed, eanlings : newly-bom lambs. Streak’d : striped, this was a venture, sir, that Jacob serv’d for : the Biblical story was that Jacob had gotten in Laban’s business initially in order to acquire a wife, and also then in order to get a flock. But Antonio retorts that Jacob earned this reward by organization, and also not by merely’ allowing his money to gain interemainder. In enhancement, Antonio casts doubt on the old Biblical story and claims that Jacob might not probably have actually affected the birth of the lambs in this manner, was this placed to make interemainder great : Was this episode introduced right into the Holy bible in order to justify the taking of interest? Antonio asks this fairly sharply, because he thinks that Shylock’s dispute has nothing to perform via the taking of interest at all, and resents that the Jew must try to justify his money-lfinishing by Biblical quotations, the devil have the right to cite Scripture for his purpose : this has actually become a popular quotation in the English language. It arises, in the first area, from another incident defined in the Scriptures, wright here the evil one tempts Christ, and also supports his temptations by craftily provided quotations and allusions from the Divine legislation. a goodly apple : an apple which has actually an outside appearance of goodness, goodly external : a fair outward appearance.

Original Text

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Modern English Reading

ANTONIO : Well, Shylock, shall we be indebted to you?

SHYLOCK : Mr. Antonio, many type of times and regularly In the Market location you have actually abused me About my monies and my interest rates; I still have taken it via a patient shrug, Due to the fact that experiencing is the badge of all our tribe; You call me misbeliever, cut-throat dog, And spat on my Jewish garments, And all because of utilizing of that which is my very own. Well then, it currently appears you need my help; Come on, then; you come to me, and also you say”Shylock, we would certainly have actually money.” You say so: You that spit on my beard, And kick me as you spurn a stselection dog On your doorstep; money is what you ask for. What need to I say to you? Shouldn’t I say” Has a dog got money? Is it possible A dog can lend you 3 thousand dollars?” Or Shall I bfinish low and, in a bondman’s voice, With soft breathing and whispering humbleness, Say this:—” Fair sir, you spit on me on Wednesday last;You spumed me such a day; another time You referred to as me dog; and for these courtesies I’ll lfinish you for this reason much money?”

Word Meaning With Annotation

Beholding : obliged, indebted, rated : blamed, gaberdine : a peculiar form of robe worn by the Jews. For Antonio to spit upon it would certainly be a direct insult to Jewish nationality, for use of that : for making use of my own money as I select, void your rheum : spot, actors your saliva, moneys is your suit : now your research is for money! bondsman’s vital : “a voice prefer a slave.” crucial : tone, bated breath : quiet breath.

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Modern English Reading

ANTONIO : I am likely to contact you so again, To spit on you aacquire, to spurn you too.If you will certainly lend this money, don’t lfinish it As if to your friends, because as soon as did friendship take Race as pure proof of his friend’s worthiness?But lfinish it quite to your foe, Who, if he defaults might challenge Exact the penalty better.

SHYLOCK : Why, look, how you gain angry! I wish to be friends with you, and also have your friendship, Foracquire the shames that you have stained me with, Supply you need ideal now, and don’t pay a jot of interemainder for my money, and you’ll not hear me complain: I market you kindness.

BASSANIO : This was kindness?

Word Meaning With Annotation

I am as choose to call thee so aget : “It is quite most likely that I shall execute so again.” Antonio is fairly frank about his treatment of Shylock; he admits it, and also uses no regrets. His perspective appears to be that it is a herbal point, and just what a Jew could intend, for when did friendship take A breed for barren metal of his friend : the word “breed” is most likely provided bereason the illustration of Jacob and his lambs is still fresh in the mind of Antonio. He suggests “profit” i.e., interemainder produced by lent money, just as lambs are created by sheep, but lfinish It quite to thine foe : But rather think about me as an opponent when lfinishing it. If he break : If he break the problems agreed upon; if he fail to repay, via better confront : via a better appearance of justice; through no shame in doing so. would be : would certainly like to be. and take no doit of usance : “and also accept not one pie of interest.” this is sort I offer : “A man likes the agency of his own kind” Shylock means, “This is your very own system of loan which I offer, without any interest.” But tbelow may be a dual meaning intended, for “to pay a male in kind” indicates to rerevolve ‘equivalent treatment to him. this were kindness : Antonio, of course, sees no double interpretation in Shylock’s words, and replies, “That would certainly indeed be kindness on your part.”

Initial Text

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Modern English Reading

SHYLOCK : I will display you this kindness. Go via me to a notary, seal your single promiseto pay me there; and also, in a happy sport, If you don’t repay me on such a day, In such a area, such amount or sums as are Expressed in the problems, let the penalty Be an equal pound Of your beautiful flesh, to be reduced off and also taken In whatever component of your body that pleases me.

ANTONIO : Happily, in faith; I’ll put my seal to such a promise to pay, And say tbelow is much kindness in the Jew.

Word Meaning With Annotation

Notary : a solicitor; a legal officer, single bond : a bond undertaken by one man, i.e., it was signed by Antonio alone, nominated : agreed upon, equal pound : specifically a pound. I’ll seal to such a bond : ‘I will certainly area my name to this agreement.’

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Modern English Reading

BASSANIO : You shall not put your seal to such a promise to pay For me; I’d fairly live in my poverty.

ANTONIO : Why, don’t be afraid, man; I won’t default in payment; Within the next 2 months, that’s a-month prior to This promise to pay expires, I intend to get a rerotate of 3 times three of the worth of this promise to pay.

SHYLOCK : Oh, father Abraham, what are these Christians, Whose own hard dealings teach them to suspect The thoughts of others. Please, tell me this; If he should break his promise, what should I gain By taking his forfeit? A pound of man’s flesh, taken from a guy,Is not so valuable, or profitable either, As flesh of mutton, beef, or goat. I say, To buy his great will certainly, I extfinish this friendship; If he will take it, okay; if not, goodbye; And, for my friendship, please don’t insult me.

ANTONIO : Yes, Shylock, I’ll put my seal to this promise to pay.

SHYLOCK : Then fulfill me automatically at the notary’s; Give him directions for confirming this happy promise to pay, And I’ll go and get the dollars appropriate away, Check on my house, left in the care of an unlucky rogue, and also I’ll be via you soon. (Exit.)

Word Meaning With Annotation

I’ll rather dwell in my need : “I would quite reprimary in my current state of require.” within these 2 months : in two months from this date, father Abraham : Shylock swears by his great Jewish ancestor, break his day : break his promise to pay on a certain day. muttons : beefs, these words, refer just to the flesh of animals, were originally French, and also expected “sheep” and “oxen.” purse the ducats straight: at when make ready the ducats in a purse for you the fearful guard : “left in the unsafe treatment.” Launcelot is such a caremuch less fellow that it reasons Shylock Tear that he can not be the guardian of the home also for the moment being.

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Modern English Reading

ANTONIO : Hurry, gentle Jew. This Hebrew will certainly become a Christian: he’s getting type.

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BASSANIO : I don’t favor fair terms and a villain’s mind.

ANTONIO : Come on; in this transactivity, tbelow have the right to be no fear; My ships come house a month before the due day. (Exeunt.)

Word Meaning With Annotation

Hie thee, gentle Jew : “Go, sort Jew.” It will certainly be noticed that Antonio provides the word “gentle.” He has been totally deceived by the exceptional craft of Shylock, and also thinks that all his professions of friendship are actual. I favor not fair terms and a villain’s mind : “I am suspicious as soon as, fair conditions are readily available by a male whom I understand to be a villain.” Bassanio is more quick-witted and also alert than Antonio, ‘and also his suspicions of Shylock are not so easily lulcaused sleep, dismight : “ground for fear.”